Speech Error

1237 words - 5 pages

Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media
This article was published in the PLOS ONE journal volume 9 on September 25, 2013. It was received for publication on January 23, 2013 and accepted for publication on July 29, 2013. The study was conducted by a group of scientists in the University of Warwick which is located in the United Kingdom. These scientists were H. Andrew Schwartz mail, Johannes C. Eichstaedt, Margaret L. Kern, Lukasz Dziurzynski, Stephanie M. Ramones, Megha Agrawal, Achal Shah, Michal Kosinski, David Stillwell, Martin E. P. Seligman and Lyle H. Ungar. This study examined the language used in facebook as an indicator of individual differences. ...view middle of the document...

Investigating the frequency, data revealed that males preceded references to their opposite-sex partner (wife and girlfriend) with ‘my’ significantly more often than females. On the other hand, females were more likely to precede ‘husband’ or ‘boyfriend’ with ‘her’ or ‘amazing’ and a greater variety of words. For age variable, the study found topics like: school, college, work, and family when looking at the predominant topics across all age groups. Furthermore, the use of (we) increased significantly after the age of 22 instead of (I). This suggested an increasing importance of social relations and family after the age of 22. Talking about the third variable (personality), extraverts were more likely to mention social words such as ‘party’, ‘love you’, ‘boys’, and ‘ladies’, whereas introverts were more likely to mention words related to solitary activities such as ‘computer’, ‘Internet’, and ‘reading’. Additionally, results suggested that introverts are interested in Japanese media (e.g. ‘anime’, ‘manga’, and Japanese style emoticons: ˆ_ˆ).
The study confirmed the relationship between psychological factors (gender, age and personality) and the use of specific language. Although the study investigated the correlation between language and psychological factors, the correlation among the three variables discussed (age, gender and personality) and how they affect each other in producing language was ignored. The study presents the largest study of personality and language use to date. The huge amount of data used in this study make it reliable to clarify the nature of the relationship between the three variables (age, personality and gender) and language. The importance of the study lies in the fact that it used an online social context with an astonishing huge number of participants which make it a very good source for future extended studies, too.

Computer mediated communication: An observation on Gender in chat rooms

The article was published in the journal Procedia (social and behavioral science) volume 70, p. 724-730 on 25 January 2013. The study was conducted by two scientists from Cukurova University in Turkey. The two scientists were Hatice Çubukçu and Özge Kutlu. The study examined the use of language in online chat room by males and females. Males and females are believed to have different expressions and perceive different massages in the case of language use. This study found that computer mediated communication (chat rooms) is having the same rules as face to face communication when coming to language behavior by males and females.
The study was conducted by getting into a chat room online and the researcher acted as if she were a female and as if she were a male alternatively in the chat room trying to depict the words used by participants of both genders. Two variables were...

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