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Spoken Discourse Analysis: Turn Taking

5087 words - 20 pages

AnotācijaSemestra darba tēma ir mutvārdu sarunu analīze un viena no tās sadaļām - runātāja maiņa. Semestra darba mērķis ir pierādīt, ka runātāja maiņa sarunās ir ļoti svarīga, nepiecieshama un pat vajadzīga. Darba teorētiskajā daļā tiek aprakstīta sarunu analīze, apskatīts, kā tā iedalās, un parādītas tās galvenās iezīmes. Tāpēc tā izpēta tās lietoshanas galvenos principus. Īsumā tā apraksta arī ķermeņa valodas iezīmes, kas tiek izmantotas runātāja maiņā. Darba praktiskā daļa pēta runātāja maiņas pielietojamību audio un video kasetēs ierakstītajās intervijās. Saskaņā ar pētījuma rezultātiem tika konstatēts, ka lielākā daļa cilvēku bie i vien atpazīst signālus, kas norāda otra cilvēkam kārtu runāt, tomēr da reiz viņi izliekas nepamanām tos.Kad māca angļu valodu, vajadzētu pievērst divkārshu uzmanību runātāja maiņas nozīmīgumam ierosināt, uzturēt un pabeigt sarunu.AbstractThe present paper deals with spoken discourse analysis and one of its subthemes - turn-taking. The research paper aims at proving that turn-taking is very important, necessary and needed in conversation. The theoretical part describes what exactly discourse analysis is, how it is divided and what are its main features. Therefore, it explores the main principles of using it. Briefly it also depicts the body language used in turn-taking. The practical part investigates the usage of speaking turns in recorded interviews on audio and video tapes. The results showed that the majority of people often recognize turn-taking signals, however, sometimes they do not seem to notice them. The view of the importance of turn-taking in initiating, maintaining and closing conversation, it should be paid due attention when teaching English.Table of ContentsIntroduction 1Chapter 1 Discourse Analysis 21.1. Written Discourse 21.2. Spoken Discourse 31.3. Differences Between Spoken and Written Discourse 3Chapter 2 Main Description of Turn-Taking 5Chapter 3 Meaning of Gestures in Conversational Turn-Taking Situation 7Chapter 4 Analysis of Audio and Video Materials 12Conclusions 16Theses 17BibliographyAppendixGlossaryIntroductionDiscourse analysis is the examination of language use by members of a speech community. It involves looking at both a language form and language function and includes the study of both spoken interaction and written texts. It identifies linguistic features that characterize different genres as well as social and cultural factors that aid in our interpretation and understanding of different texts and types of...

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