Spoken Discourse Analysis: Turn Taking

5087 words - 20 pages

AnotācijaSemestra darba tēma ir mutvārdu sarunu analīze un viena no tās sadaļām - runātāja maiņa. Semestra darba mērķis ir pierādīt, ka runātāja maiņa sarunās ir ļoti svarīga, nepiecieshama un pat vajadzīga. Darba teorētiskajā daļā tiek aprakstīta sarunu analīze, apskatīts, kā tā iedalās, un parādītas tās galvenās iezīmes. Tāpēc tā izpēta tās lietoshanas galvenos principus. Īsumā tā apraksta arī ķermeņa valodas iezīmes, kas tiek izmantotas runātāja maiņā. Darba praktiskā daļa pēta runātāja maiņas pielietojamību audio un video kasetēs ierakstītajās intervijās. Saskaņā ar pētījuma rezultātiem tika konstatēts, ka lielākā daļa cilvēku bie i vien atpazīst signālus, kas norāda otra cilvēkam kārtu runāt, tomēr da reiz viņi izliekas nepamanām tos.Kad māca angļu valodu, vajadzētu pievērst divkārshu uzmanību runātāja maiņas nozīmīgumam ierosināt, uzturēt un pabeigt sarunu.AbstractThe present paper deals with spoken discourse analysis and one of its subthemes - turn-taking. The research paper aims at proving that turn-taking is very important, necessary and needed in conversation. The theoretical part describes what exactly discourse analysis is, how it is divided and what are its main features. Therefore, it explores the main principles of using it. Briefly it also depicts the body language used in turn-taking. The practical part investigates the usage of speaking turns in recorded interviews on audio and video tapes. The results showed that the majority of people often recognize turn-taking signals, however, sometimes they do not seem to notice them. The view of the importance of turn-taking in initiating, maintaining and closing conversation, it should be paid due attention when teaching English.Table of ContentsIntroduction 1Chapter 1 Discourse Analysis 21.1. Written Discourse 21.2. Spoken Discourse 31.3. Differences Between Spoken and Written Discourse 3Chapter 2 Main Description of Turn-Taking 5Chapter 3 Meaning of Gestures in Conversational Turn-Taking Situation 7Chapter 4 Analysis of Audio and Video Materials 12Conclusions 16Theses 17BibliographyAppendixGlossaryIntroductionDiscourse analysis is the examination of language use by members of a speech community. It involves looking at both a language form and language function and includes the study of both spoken interaction and written texts. It identifies linguistic features that characterize different genres as well as social and cultural factors that aid in our interpretation and understanding of different texts and types of...

Find Another Essay On Spoken Discourse Analysis: Turn-Taking

Initiation-response-feedback? How does talk happen in classrooms?

681 words - 3 pages The seminal work on discourse analysis was carried out in classrooms, and it is from this that an understanding of structure of the exchanges that make up spoken discourse is drawn. Sinclair and Couithaerd (1975) identified three levels of discourse: the exchange, a turn-taking interactional sequence; the move, or contribution of a participant to the exchange in a turn; and the act, identifiable within the move and playing a specific linguistic

Grammar of Spoken and Written English

3041 words - 12 pages taking down their orders. It will be analyzing key features that are present within the conversation, primarily looking at its grammatical features, followed by its discourse feature and also discussing its lexical features found within the conversation. This essay will also be looking at the differences between written language and spoken language in terms of the grammar, discourse and lexical features. 2.0 The Analysis Spoken language

People's positions in the world are shaped by discourse - With reference to face, power and solidarity.

2218 words - 9 pages prior knowledge of how the discourse should proceed, or what the outcome (or purpose) of the discourse should be. Conversations, themselves, have a set of conventions that are generally adhered to by each participant, whether consciously or subconsciously. Fairclough (1992:75) suggests these conventions should be called "interactional control features" and these include "turn taking, exchange structure, topic control, formulation, modality

Turn-Taking in a Casual Conversation

3050 words - 12 pages turn-taking process throughout a casual conversation. My data will be analyzed through an approach to discourse analysis called Conversation Analysis and will suggest that individuals who appear to be familiar with each other will use certain tools to locally manage the conversation and control the conversation's turn-taking through the use of certain discourse markers and response tokens to infer agreement or disagreement.Background and

Discourse Concerning the Death of Phillip Seymour Hoffman

1872 words - 7 pages for the deceased actor with taking a look at what fellow actors and other individuals had to say about his illustrious acting career. Both pieces of coverage take a narrative structure because the news portrayed initially invited the story to be played out and lead into details and surrounding celebrity discourse with a more camouflaged drug discourse. The second step in narrative analysis deals with whose point of view is being shown and the

To what extent are our selves constructed through language and discourse?

2245 words - 9 pages would argue that persons are, right from the very beginning, continually developing within their own social context, through the language they hear and use every day. Discourse analysis is employed as a set of methods and theories for investigating language in use and in social contexts, looking at both language form and language function and includes the study of both spoken interaction and written texts. (Wetherell et al. 2001) It seeks to


1554 words - 6 pages arrive in an instant.Paulo Friere, the author of "Pedagogy of the Oppressed", believes that knowledge exists everywhere and through invention and re-invention, people are capable of obtaining this knowledge. However, solely taking in information is not sufficient. One must be able to take this newfound knowledge and apply it to the real world. To be able to enter into a discourse and be comfortable in the setting, Friere determined that the

Research Methodology Report

1682 words - 7 pages study of language in use’. (13) This brings me to my third research methodology - discourse analysis. With regards to Schiffrin, Discourse Analysis involves the study of both spoken and textual accounts. (14). Therefore it can be hard to differentiate between Text Linguistics and Discourse analysis given Fasolds definition. Yet under the umbrella of discourse we are led to believe that it may include not only textual content, but spoken word and

Response to Bitzer's Rhetorical Situation

2378 words - 10 pages issues concerning varying forms of scholarship that have dealt with New Testament discourse, this essay will focus on the aforementioned aspects of his work. Although New Testament scholars would eventually appropriate form and redaction criticism (from Hermann Gunkel) to the analysis of these texts, Robbins argues that this approach failed to systematically approach those relationships between spaces, literature, and discourse that were part and

Listening Comprehension: Aural processes and Listening Comprehension Strategies in Second Language Learning

1852 words - 7 pages aspects of spoken discourse because interpretation of many utterances requires listeners to go beyond the simple surface structure. Students may benefit from practicing sarcasm, praise and insult, for example (Brown, 2001: 254).Finally, students may have difficulty with interaction or practicing in pairs or groups using the target language. Learners must become more familiar with the rules of interaction such as seeking clarification, turn-taking

The Global Feminist and the Transnational Feminist

1217 words - 5 pages actively questions such assumptions as women being unified by the very definition of “woman”. Transnational feminism is no more perfect than, but critical of global feminism, due to these inherent differences in perspective. The discourse of Women's Rights as Human's Rights arose out of United Nations World Conference, taking place in Vienna in 1993 (Grewal 337). The idea behind this movement is to acknowledge that many crimes which are

Similar Essays

Dijk, T. (2001). Multidisciplinary Cda: A Plea For Diversity. In R. Wodak, & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods Of Critical Discourse Analysis. (Pp. 95 121). London: Sage Publications Ltd.

2105 words - 8 pages Dijk, T. (2001). Multidisciplinary CDA: A plea for diversity. In R. Wodak, & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of critical discourse analysis. (pp. 95-121). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.Reviewed by Ola El-Wassify Helwan University Cairo, EgyptOla.el-wassify@hotmail.comVan Dijk, in this article, aims at creating principles and workable instructions for doing critical discourse analysis (CDA). He is focusing on the socio-cognitive interface of

Sociological Analysis Of A Naturally Occuring Conversation Between Two People

3388 words - 14 pages phones into the show. For this piece of interaction I will highlight many key theories that are covered in conversation analysis, such as turn taking, arguing, teasing and clashes of characters within the discourse. I will develop these aspects within this assignment and implementing this into the chosen discourse interaction. Conversation analysis was developed as a systematic study of discourse. This was established by the American pioneers in

Discourse Analysis

9913 words - 40 pages journalists, professors or bosses when writing for, or speaking to, a more or less passive audience. Similarly, participants may have more or less control over the variable properties of the (course of) discourse and its conditions and consequences, such as their planning, setting, the presence of other participants, modes of participation, overall organiz- ation, turn-taking, agenda, topics or style. An analysis of the various modes of discourse

Features Of Spoken Language That Are Significantly Different From Written Language

2413 words - 10 pages University Press. Lam, P. (2009). Discourse Particles in Corpus Data and Textbooks: The Case of Well, Applied Linguistics Advance Access published June 18, 2009, 1-22. Liu, D. (2003). The Most Frequently Used Spoken American English Idioms: A Corpus Analysis and Its Implications, TESOL Quarterly 37(4), 671-700. Quirk, R. (1985). A Comprehensive grammar of the English language. London: Longman. Rühlemann, C. (2008). A Register Approach to Teaching Conversation: Farewell to Standard English?, Applied Linguistics, 29(4), 672-693. Simpson, R., Dushyanthi, M. (2003). A Corpus-Based Study of Idioms in Academic Speech, TESOL Quarterly, 37(3), 419-441.