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Sport And Race Essay

3440 words - 14 pages

sport and race SPORT AND RACE 1. Introduction 2. Concept of Race 3. Race Ideology and History and Sport 4. Race Logic in Sport: Recent Examples 5. Australia and its native people 6. Sport and Australian aborigines 7. Types of Racism 8. Mechanism of Dealing with Racism 9. Stacking 10. International Examples 11. Rugby League Example 12. Rationale for Stacking (1) Biological (2) Psychological (3) Sociological.13. Summary CONCEPT OF RACE The point I want to stress is that the classification systems used to divide all human beings into various racial categories are grounded in social meanings and social definitions; they are not based on objective biological factors. Firstly, the concept of race is historically and culturally dependant. Historically, it was never used prior to the 1700s. Secondly, it varies across cultures - a black in America would be defined as whites in Africa for example. Thirdly and what I will discuss in more detail is that in a biological sense the concept of race is so confusing that it is meaningless. People have attempted to do this according to mental characteristics, brain size, skin colour, stature and nose shape. These are all continuous traits (everyone has some) this leads to confusion.SKIN EXAMPLE Skin colour varies form snow white to midnight black. The trick is determining where you draw the line to distinguish one racial group from another. You could draw 2 lines or 2000 lines; there are no absolute biological rules. These decisions are social ones (people draw them in different places) not biological ones.This is why nearly all scientists have abandoned the search for a biology-based racial classification system. It is much easier to think of one race: the human race; it contains combinations of changing physical similarities and differences, and meanings given to those similarities and differences.However, most people have not abandoned the racial classification systems. So we need to define what is currently perceived by people as race, what constitutes racism and how racism intersects with sport.RACE IDEOLOGY AND HISTORY OF SPORT What has followed from the concept of race is what your text book calls race logic. Race logic is the belief that white skinned people were intellectually superior and that people of colour were 'animal like savages'. Variations of this race logic were used to justify the following major events: 1. Colonisation - enabled people to kill without guilt and subjugate dark skinned natives for the purposes of making them 'civilised'.2. Slavery - this racial ideology was used to justify the physical mistreatment of slaves.3. Success of black boxers - believed that black men's skulls were so thick that they could not be bruised or broken by a white man's fist. Joe Louis, the legendary black world champion heavyweight boxer, was described as 'savage and animalistic'.OHPS (2 describing the fight against the Italian Primo Carnera) Burns/Johnson fight at the Sydney Stadium at Rushcutters's Bay on...

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