Sport Psychology Essay

2383 words - 10 pages

Sport Psychology
For this assignment I shall use a team of my choice as a sporting
example of group work and leadership. I will identify the different
kind of leader within that group and the style of leadership that they

The team I have chose to use is Manchester United; a team, which I
believe, has many leaders and not just the manager and captain.

A team is a group of people who must interact with each other in order
to accomplish shared objectives. A team must have:

Ø Interaction between members.

Ø Positive feeling between members.

Ø A collective identity, be different from others.

Ø Share common goal, have the same objectives.

Groups go through a four-stage development sequence to move from
being just a collection of individuals to becoming a team:

(Tuckman 1965)

1. Forming: getting to know others and the roles that they play i.e.
captain, position and manager.

2. Storming: conflict between members, rebellion against leader in
order to establish roles.

3. Norming: co-operation replaces conflict. Group cohesion develops.

4. Performing: primary goal for each member is group success and roles
become more defined.

There are many roles within a team both formal and informal:

Formal roles may be:

Ø Captain: Roy Keane

Ø Coach: Alex Ferguson

Ø Player’s position: strikers, defenders, midfielders and goalkeepers.

Informal roles may be:

Ø Mentor: a player other people look up to such as Roy Keane.

Ø Joker: the practical joker of the team. Ryan gigs is notorious
within the united dressing room for winding teammates up.

Ø Trouble maker: Wayne Rooney has a reputation for being hot-headed
and causing arguments on the football pitch

Ø Mediator: Gary Neville, one of the main spokespersons for the
players union

Ø Enforcer: Roy Keane likes to make points and enforce his ideas

A team’s performance will be more effective when individual roles are
clear, understood and accepted.

A leader is a person who rules guides and inspires those who are in
his charge. There are many different kinds of leadership styles and
therefore different theories as to how people may eventually become

1. Trait approach: this theory suggests that leaders are born, not
made therefore the individual is likely to be a leader in any given
situation. Studies have found that there are not any unique
personality traits in leaders and therefore there is very little
support of the trait theory.

2. Behavioural approach: the exact opposite of the trait theory, this
suggests leaders are made, not born. In time according to this theory
anyone can become a leader.

3. Interactional approach: a blend of both the trait theory and the
behavioural theory suggests effective or ineffective...

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