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Sport World And Appearance Essay

1233 words - 5 pages

The sports world places an emphasis on the an athlete's appearance. The typically athlete strives to appear lean and fit. Because of the added emphasis, studies have shown that, an athlete has a higher risk of developing an eating disorder that that of other non-athletes.
Eating disorders are most commonly found in sports such as ballet and other types of dance, figure skating, gymnastics, swimming, rowing, running, horse racing, and ski jumping. While these are the widely non sports that are affect by eating disorders, even athletes that participate in wrestling and body building can be affected by eating disorder. There is a variety of disorders found in different sports. For ...view middle of the document...

There are four basic types of eating disorders. These include: anorexia nervosa, anorexia athletica, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and an eating disorder not otherwise specified.
There are two different conditions called anorexica nervosa and anorexia athletica. Anorexica nervosa is an eating disorder that is characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. (nationaleatingdisorders.org) It can also involve binge eating and/or purging. Those affected by this type or anorexia severely restrict their intake of food and calories. People affected by anorexia atheltica maintain an abnormally low weight through compulsive exercising. Anorexia nervosa is an official eating disorder. Meanwhile, anorexica athletica is unoffical, but it is a term used by mental health professionals. Anorexia is found most commonly in sports such as ballet or dance, figure skating and gymnastics. Anorexia athletica is more commonly found in athletes.
Another common eating disorder in athletes is bulimia nervosa. This disorder is characterized by a cycle of binge eating and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to compensate for the effects of binge eating. (…..........) This is the most likely eating disorder found in athletes. It is found in sports such as running, gymnastics, figure skating, and horse racing.
Athletes also develop the binge eating disorder. Binge eating is characterized by periods of uncontrolled, impulsive, or continuous eating beyond the point of feeling completely full. This disorder may also include many sporadic fasts or repetitive diets. This disease is most commonly found in wrestlers and football players.
The last category is, eating disorder not otherwise specified. For a person to fall under this category, they will have some combination of the signs and symptoms of anorexia, bulimia, and/or binge eating (….)
There care many difference causes of eating disorders. These causes vary from person to person. One of the most common causes in athletes is perfectionism. The goal of any athlete is to strive for perfect. Although this is not possible, many people are willing to go as far as developing an eating disorder to accomplish their goal.
Most of all athletes that develop an eating disorder participate in individual sports. There is a higher percentage of a gymnast or figure skater of having a disorder that that of a soccer or basketball player. Another common cause of eating disorders is a coach who primarily focus performance instead of the athlete as a person.
Other cause of the development of an eating disorder is an emphasis on the appearance of the athlete and weight requirements or muscularity. Appearance is very important in sports such as gymnastics, dance, and figuring skating. In a study, it was shown that more than 60 percent of female gymnasts admitted to regularly using...

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