Sports Medicine Shoulder Injuries
Shoulder injuries are a very common injury that occurs in most sports. All injuries and the rehabilitation done to the injured shoulder are based on the anatomy and structures of the shoulder. Doctors have developed different tests for evaluating the degree and seriousness of injured shoulders. Some have also developed different phases a person must go through to properly rehabilitate the shoulder.
The shoulder is a ball and socket joint which allows it a flexion and extension motion.
The shoulder is made up of two bones: the ball end called the humerus and the socket end called the scapula. It is held together by a semi complex series of muscles and tendons. As is found throughout the body, in the shoulder joint, there is a network of nerves that when injured they trigger pain, numbness, and other discomfort throughout the arm. Because the shoulder joint is made of many different parts it has many areas that may be injured.
As with any injury to the body, a doctor or trainer has to examine and assess the severity of the injury in order to correctly diagnose and treat the injured athlete. Doctors are constantly developing new technology and new physical tests an injured person must go through to help them better understand the injury. Advanced Ultrasound Imaging LLC is using their Ultrasound technology to better detect rotator cuff shoulder injuries. Previously MRI's were commonly used. There is a mixed reaction to the technology between orthopaedic surgeons and radiologists. Some embrace it, while others are still being slow to put it in to practice. Advantages of having an ultrasound range from it being a more accurate picture to not having to lie down for 45 minutes as a patient would if he were having an MRI. Another important improvement is, you can see the rotator cuff tear in motion because the patient can move his arm. The biggest difference is if a surgeon looks at an MRI it looks like a shoulder but if a surgeon looks at an ultrasound it may look like a snow storm.
*insert article *attachedBesides being able to see the inside of a shoulder, doctors use different physical tests to evaluate the shoulder in order to determine what type of injury and how severe an injury may be. One such test was recently developed by Dr. Carl J. Basamania at the Womack Army Medical center in Fort Bragg, N.C. The test was developed to evaluate shoulder instability in a patient. During the test the Dr. or examiner stands next to the patient who is to lay flat on his/her back. The hand of the examined should is held firmly by the examiner. The examiner then pushes against the clavicle to stabilize th scapula, while they also gently hold the pectoral muscle with their thumb in order to be able to assess relaxation. The examiner then rotates the arm form neutral to full external rotation. If the patient has AIGHL incompetence there is a...