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Sports Nutrition Essay

1380 words - 6 pages

Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet as it relates to athletic performance. It is concerned with the type and quantity of fluid and food taken by an athlete, and deals with nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, supplements and organic substances such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats. It is essential to maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet combined with athletic training to reach maximum performance potential.
“Nutrient timing is a strategic approach to how much, what, and when you eat before, during and after training and competition to maximize training effects, reduce risk of injury, maintain healthy immune function, and help with recovery”(Skolnik 3). ...view middle of the document...

Steroids will also have greater negative effects as time goes on. People have to understand that eating healthy and training hard are the most important things when it comes to athletic training. There are many different minerals, vitamins and foods that can be taken at different times for different reasons. There are many foods that help give you energy for sports training and also many foods for repairing and resting the body. The healthier you eat leads to a good intense training program which eventually leads to your ultimate goal which is increasing sports performance to your full potential.
Athletes who constantly workout know they need energy to be able to train hard without slacking. “Calories are potential energy to be used by muscles, tissues, and organs to fuel the task at hand” (Skolnik 5). Our bodies first digest and absorb the nutrients from food then prepare it for energy we need and use during athletic training. The potential energy is transformed differently for different tasks and different exercises. Every athlete is different and is going to have different styles of training so how they eat will be determined on what style of training they are doing. Every athlete should be drinking water to hydrate and fueling the body with food before a workout. Fueling the body with food one to three hours before training is ideal. Athletes should Eating healthy carbohydrates such as whole-grain cereals, whole-wheat toast, low-fat or fat free yogurt, whole grain pasta, brown rice, fruits and vegetables. All carbohydrates when broken down in the body turn into smaller particles called sugars and eventually turned into glucose. Glucose in the bloodstream is known as blood sugar which provides the brain, liver and muscles with fuel. Everyone should avoid eating processed foods with saturated and Tran saturated fats because these types of fuels take longer to digest and take away oxygen and energy-delivering blood from your muscles. Fruits and vegetables are good quick snacks that will provide the body with energy needed to train to full potential. Two dietary supplements that have been proven to increase athletic performance are creatine and caffeine. Creatine is a natural substance in the body and turns into creatine phosphate. Creatine phosphate helps make a substance called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP provides the energy for muscle contractions. Athletes consume creatine to help increase mass, strength, and overall physical performance. Caffeine became popular in the 1970’s for athletes because studies show caffeine would help with muscle fatigue. Caffeine works by the increase of released adrenaline into the blood which leads to the release of free fatty acids from fat tissue and/or skeletal muscle. The muscles that are working use the extra fat early in the exercise to reduce the need to use glycogen. Caffeine will allow athletes to train harder and longer with muscle fatigue.
Post-exercise nutrition is just as important, if not...

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