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Sports Psychology Essay

1515 words - 6 pages

Sports psychology is the study and implementation of mental techniques to better an athlete's performance. "On top of the time spent honing skills and developing physical readiness, studies of top performers have shown that the elite from a variety of different sports complete many laps of the track, lengths of the pool or throws of the javelin in their mind before competitions" (Lee Crust, 2004). In touch football, top players would spend hours practising moves on the field but would spend even longer rehearsing moves, considering options and strategising before they even step onto the field. This unit of work has allowed me, as a learning HPE student, to implement psychological strategies such as goal setting, arousal and performance relationship, mental rehearsal, and feedback and motivation."Goal setting is a means of keeping a practical achievement in sight and working towards it effectively to produce possible outcomes" (Amezdroz, pg 119). When goals are set, they must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed, that is SMART, or else they cannot be effective. This term, I set a number of goals and the main goal that I chose to focus upon was,"Be able to run all set moves and rucking patternsefficiently from all positions before assessment begins".This goal of mine followed the SMART theory in that it was specific to touch, I could measure my progress, it was achievable for me physically and realistic that I could reach my goal, and I set myself a time frame for my goal to be achieved in.To be able to achieve this goal though, I had to be able to set up a stair case to climb. This is referred to as the staircase model. My staircase consisted of a number of smaller, shorter goals: learning and understanding all moves and patterns, learning each position, and adapting to on field situations. In climbing my staircase I was able to reach my goal.This goal was perhaps a mixture of two types of goals: outcome goals and process goals. To run all the moves correctly, I had to rely on other players in my team and focus specifically on the current move making it an outcome goal. I also had to rely on my own techniques of passing, catching, dumping etc. to run the move, thus making it a process goal also.To better my overall performance, and work towards achieving my goal, I had to recognise and accept the relationship between arousal and performance and the factors that can help or hinder this relationship. "The optimum arousal level varies from athlete to athlete, and is also different for different sports," (Amezdroz, pg 123). For me to heighten my level of arousal, that would create the best performance, I had to find where on the 'inverted-U-curve', touch football would sit for me. I found that I required a reasonably high level of arousal for my performance to be maximised to my 'inverted-U-curve' (see following page) would take the following shape,This differs from other students 'inverted-U-curve', for example Grady...

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