Spread Of Islam In India Essay

1869 words - 7 pages

According to the statistics of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of India the third largest Muslim population of the world is embedded in India. Even though the major religion of India is Hinduism, and Islam is in the second place of its minor religion still it has the largest Muslim minority all over the world (World Directory of Minorities- Muslim of India). This statistics clearly depicts the successful expansion and establishment of Islam in early period of India even though India was populated with indigenous religious beliefs. Islam is a monotheistic religion that was spread with bunch of beliefs and faiths after the Prophet Mohammad. In order to that the colonization of Muslims initiated in India was the key place from where Islam was started its expansion version to remaining places of South Asia.Beyondpersuasion and forced conversion, the main factors that influenced in the spread of Islam in India were conquest of Muslim armiesfrom Arabia and Turkey, commercial activities of Muslim traders and the Islamic teachings in equality as well as in Sufism.
The conquest of Arab dynasties and Turkish people paved the way to enter Islam into Central Asia and its wider spreading. Initially the Arab dynasty, Umayyad caliphate stepped into the central Asia with the intention of conquering and establishing the bases in the mid of seventh century was considered as the first Muslim colonization (Esposito 21). Even though the Muslims conquerors arrived into Asia for expanding their territory then they were interested to spread their own beliefs in their new conquered place where completely different religious practices adapted because to firm themselves. Accordinglythese Arab armies establishedin the delta of Indus River, which is situated in the Northwest of the India in the beginning of 8th century. It was named with an Arabic name ‘Sindh’ (Metcalf 3). By means of time the indigenous people who were in the Indus River valley side were converted into Muslims with the emergence of Muslim local kingdoms.Then along with the Arabic conquest, another wave of conquest hit the India, which was spearheaded by Turkish conqueror Muhammad of Ghor in 11th century resulted in increase of Islam strength (Metcalf6).This conquest was created a strong place for Islam in India and helped Islam to regain its essence almost 3 centuries after the arrival of Arab armies. They established a large territory with organized government named Delhi Sultanate. Conquerors used the stage for the conversion of Islam by converting the ruling class. Since many readers may challenge that the Turkish conquerors used force conversion in spread of Islam, but the reality is they justified the rules of warfare of that period by the time. Thus they created and established a suitable environment for unified controlled administration in the empire. Besides the conquest Islam was brought to India by commercial activities.
Islam was spread more widely with the arrival of Muslim merchants...

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