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Squeak Etoys Na Educação Essay

1426 words - 6 pages

Resumo: As profundas transformações na sociedade, provocadas pelos rápidos avanços das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (TIC) promovem uma nova visão do conhecimento e da aprendizagem determinando um desafio constante para a educação. Neste contexto, a influência das novas tecnologias digitais na sociedade e, consequentemente, na educação gera uma reflexão sobre o potencial dos recursos educativos digitais como instrumentos poderosos de desenvolvimento de habilidades, inerentes à criatividade própria dos alunos, onde estes são capazes de construir o próprio conhecimento e as aprendizagens, recorrendo mesmo sem conhecimentos prévios à programação de computadores e promovendo o desenvolvimento do raciocínio lógico através da utilização de ferramentas e ambientes computacionais atrativos e construrivos como é o caso do Squeak Etoys.
Palavras-Chave: Squeak Etoys; educação; programação de computadores; TIC

Introdução
A computação permeia todas as atividades humanas, das artes às tecnologias, e hoje não se pode imaginar uma sociedade sem computador (NUNES, 2008). A Sociedade da Informação constitui o modo como a informação é exposta à sociedade através das “…Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação no sentido de lidar com a informação e que toma esta como elemento central de toda atividade humana” (Castells apud Gouveia, 2004: 2), caracterizando-se pelo recurso às TIC em todos os setores e atividades humanas exigindo dos indivíduos novas competências, conhecimentos e saberes. Neste contexto, a escola deve preparar os alunos para esta sociedade global baseada na informação.
(retirado de citação feita por Ana Antunes, Sociedade de Informação, Coimbra 2008 em http://ucbweb2.castelobranco.br/webcaf/arquivos/13147/11090/novas_tecnologias_3.pdf )
O que se pede à escola é que seja capaz de desenvolver competências nos alunos para participar e agir nesta sociedade global, extremamente competitiva que valoriza o ser criativo, inovador, construtor e com capacidade para resolver problemas quer ao nível de conteúdos de computação, quer ao nível de outras ciências. A escola tem aqui um papel indiscutível na interação com as tecnologias digitais.
Foi escolhida a análise ao Squeak Etoys por ser uma ferramenta e um ambiente computacional sugerido como aprendizagem essencial nas Metas curriculares de Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (TIC) – 7.º e 8.º anos de escolaridade e por se tratar de um ambiente multimédia de autor, de código fonte aberto, disponível para várias plataformas como Windows, Linux, MacOs, Unix e outros e por ser construído com bases pedagógicas inspiradas no construtivismo de Piaget e Papert.

Squeak Etoys – Breve história
Alan Kay teve o seu primeiro encontro com Seymour Papert, no outono de 1968, no Laboratório de Inteligência Artificial do MIT. Ao ver Papert e os seus colegas ensinarem crianças a programar em LOGO, Kay ficou entusiasmado sobre uma nova conceção do uso e do papel do computador na sociedade e particularmente...

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