Sri Lanka: A Unique Geography Essay

1757 words - 7 pages

“I gradually became aware that my interiority was inseparable from my exteriority, that the geography of my city was the geography of my soul.” - Aleksander Hemon. Is this quote actually true?! Is Geography the route to our souls and eternal happiness/ drive? Many may disagree with this but to the people who study Geography this quote comes to common terms as true. Through the common correlation that makes a country a country, a state a state, a person a person, and a group a group, geography has proven to be the cause of reason. Geography through its physical and human characteristics brings reason together to how both physical and human factors cause people to live the way they do. For the country of Sri Lanka, many may be flabbergasted to hear that even such a small group of people have such a big purpose in lieu of people’s lives. In fact; beyond various contrary beliefs, Sri Lanka is unique in both physical and human geography, commencing from History, to government, and even location! It is these factors that make this country important to its people, its culture, to society, and even to the world.

To begin with, the History (Human Geography) of Sri Lanka provides a detailed summary of events, situations, and conflicts that helped shaped the way for its culture and people. For example, in Medieval Sri Lanka; after the annihilation of the Ancient Empires Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa in 1215 A.D by Kalinga Magha, all of Sri Lanka’s Medieval and Ancient Influenced cultures were lost to humans forever. Even though many of its people fled due to Magha’s contumacious wrath and stringent reformation of change, the culture never really had the chance to recover. But then as his death took hold, a new kingdom formed in the north, and so did with many others. As a result a humble la abode of new cultures and groups then formed to become equally/balanced nations by the same continent. However, that all changed when suppression from another major power took hold of the island yet. During this time; known by some as the Early Modern time period, Sri Lankan’s were faced with the arrival of a Portuguese soldier and explorer Lorenzo de Almeida that single-handedly set forth a rolling stone of Portuguese control. He built a fortress around the island city of Colombo and eventually worked his way wholly around the island. The only part left that was under Sri Lankan control was a tiny sliver of land that was absent from the coasts. In the time being, the king of Sri Lanka signed a peace treaty with the Dutch East India Company to eradicate Portuguese rulers from the island. This assured them protection but in return ultimately caused the Dutch-Portuguese war. In the end the Dutch won the war, eradicated the Portuguese, but then turned their backs on the Sri Lankans. They then broke their treaty and started exhausting these island people as well their land… but this didn’t last long when in 1796 the British took control and established the colony...

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