Stabbling: The Top Homicide In The United Kingdom

948 words - 4 pages

Stabbing is the most common cause of homicide in the United Kingdom. Stabbing can be caused by so many objects, for example steak knives, scissors, screwdrivers, broken glass bottles and so on. The individual characteristics of these instruments create specific features when they penetrate a surface of fabrics and skin.

When examining textile damages, two common techniques are considered i.e. macroscopically (with the naked eye) and microscopically examining the area that might have possible damages to the fabric. Also, looking at the characteristics of the area to discover whether the textile has been torn, punctured, cut etc...

When examining textile damages, such information like the size of the knife blade and the types can be estimated. The more distinctive the weapon is, the more unique the features in any damaged apparel and therefore the stronger the association. In the blades of a weapon, the sharper ones will cut the fibres and yarns as it enters the fabric with little or no distortion; whereas the blunter ones maximises the distortion of the fabric and the disorder of the yarn and fibre ends. Scallops, imperfection and serration characteristics on the blade of a weapon increase fabric fraying and distortion. It has been reported that the dimensions on fabric when stabbed do not accurately reflect the dimensions of the knife blade.

During a forensic investigation the scientist may compare a suspect’s knife with the holes on the victims clothing can provide clues and details of the offending knife. In carrying out either of the investigating, it is necessary to know if the dimensions of the knife blade are accurately reflected in the resultant stab-cut seen in the clothing.

• Length: This is slightly less than the width of the weapon. The only time that the length could be greater than the width of the blade is due to the stretching of the wound of the skin. The length is slightly less than the width of the weapon up to which it has been driven in, because of stretching of the skin. For measuring the length of stab wound, the edges should be brought together. Deliberate lateral, forward, or backward movement of the weapon during its withdrawal from the body tends to widen the wound, and the length will be more than the maximum width of the blade. If the instrument is thrust in, and is then completely withdrawn with the cutting edge dragging against one end, it would be extended superficially, producing a tail.

• Width: If examining so may stab wounds in the body, the length and the width of the knife blade can be known. By examining multiple stab wound in the body, the length and width of the knife blade can be determined approximately. The maximum possible width of the knife blade can be approximately determined if the...

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