This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stabilizing The Equilibrium In The Edwardian Novel: Homosexuality, Women, And Marriage In Maurice

3662 words - 15 pages

In the early twentieth century there was no definition of homosexuality because there was no law that can validate homosexual desires. Homosexuality was considered as a factor that does not stabilize the social masculine identity especially in an era where men thought of as powerful and dominant in the society: the patriarchal society. Thus, the fear of expressing their homosexuality and of the accusation of having feminine characteristics was prevalent among young men. Men should be restrained and refrained from such characteristics so they can be labeled men in the masculine world. Such a system in the British society equilibrates femininity to homosexuality as both were thought of as a threat of emasculating the society: that is men’s home. Despite the fact that there were more homosexual men than women before passing the law in 1971, the sexual offenses Act rescinded the illegality of homosexuality in the British society, images of sympathy for women alongside the internalized pressure and the unspeakable desires are shown in E. M. Forster’s significant novel Maurice. As a literary work had written in 1912, but was published posthumously in 1971, Maurice expresses the power that society deploys to assert control over both homosexual and women. Moreover, it depicts their inner conflict of achieving their self-actualization.
Throughout a close reading of Maurice, I argue that there is an intentional balance between homosexuals and women’s situation in the British society at that time where both homosexual and women are marginalized and lost their identity within the society. I suggest that Maurice is a feminist critique of marriage and lack of women’s sexual education from a homosexual perspective as it depicts both women and men homosexual struggle in a repressive society. Therefore, an intersection between the repression of sexuality and gender roles is established in the novel’s plot.
In order to register the conflict in the novel, one must articulate the difference between men and female sexual awareness in the novel. Hellenism, the study of ancient Greek, plays an important part in male characters’ development. With this study sexual freedom thought, Clive introduces Hellenism to Maurice as it sets Maurice’s self-awareness and sexual liberation. Hellenism that is represented in Plato’s Symposium influences Maurice’s self-development in the novel and also suggests the discourse that is not displayed to women. It suggests a contradiction to the basic education given to young girls and boys at that time. Since Clive educates Maurice sexually, Mr. Ducie, however, teaches him the rules of the English society.
It is evident in the novel that Maurice as a young boy is confined in the masculine world that he should embrace. He is described as a “plump, pretty lad, not in anyway remarkable” (11). In order to educate him of the compulsory heterosexuality, Mr. Ducie, his teacher, illustrates the definition of sexuality and marriage as a way...

Find Another Essay On Stabilizing the Equilibrium in The Edwardian Novel: Homosexuality, Women, and Marriage in Maurice

Homosexuality in the UMC Essay

1168 words - 5 pages doing something) has resulted in a borderlands between both parties and a new understanding in the Methodist Church amongst some people concerning homosexuality. For nearly the entirety of the existence of the Christian faith, many people have declared homosexual acts and relationships to be a sin, even an abomination. Verses such as Leviticus 18:22 (You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination), Leviticus 20:13 (If a man

Homosexuality in the Media Essay

1363 words - 5 pages homosexual individuals. Before the project could be carried on, controls needed to be established in order to find patterns that were representative of North America's media depiction of homosexuality. Only series were considered for the experiment; in other words, television specials and movies which do not play on a constant basis were discarded as evidence because not only does the content vary with state and cable service provider, but they

The Power of the Women in Marriage

862 words - 4 pages In the Novel of Persuasion and Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre and Jane Austin would be considered the “ideal women” for marriage. Austen coming from a wealthy father gave her more privileges for her independence. On the other hand, Jane Eyre was not wealthy but her struggle gave her the ability to be strong and her pain gave her the strength to be courageous. For today’s readers, Jane Austen and Jane Eyre would be considered protagonist of

Marriage and Women in the Merchant's Prologue of Canterbury Tales

2847 words - 11 pages Marriage and Women in the Merchant's Prologue of Canterbury Tales 'The Merchant's Tale' is part of the Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories loosely linked together. Through these poems Chaucer provides an insight into the attitudes, weaknesses, virtues and preoccupation of English men and women of the Fourteenth Century. Chaucer imagines a group of pilgrims, setting off from the Tabard Inn on a journey from

The Edwardian Era Exposed in An Inspector Calls

1703 words - 7 pages the vast and powerful Empire and all Britons, no matter what class they belonged to were proud to be British - the "best nation in the world". Theatres, musicals, proms concerts and films entertained the growing population. The upper classes led such a lavish life of luxury that the Edwardian era is now infamous for its elegance, ostentation, extravagance and sexual license. However despite the illusions of these secure times this epoch

The Politics of Sexuality in E.M. Forster’s Maurice

2431 words - 10 pages . To what extent Forster’s homosexuality and his novel on same sex love negotiate with other homosexual writers and activists of the period? The mere fact that Maurice was published posthumously shows the grim situation of homosexual men and women of the time. Now our job is to closely look at the novel and situate its transgressions and liberation in the larger context of same-sex writings of the early twentieth century. In Mr. Bennet and Mrs

Homosexuality in the Locker Room

643 words - 3 pages Sports, from high school to the professional level, value concepts of masculinity (Zipp, 2010) that create both real and perceived environments of fear for gay male (1) athletes (Anderson, 2011), (2) employees of professional and collegiate athletic programs (Cavalier, 2011), as well as (3) sport journalists (Kian, 2013). According to Hernandez (2011, p. 4), since the World Health Organization (WHO) established a written definition of health in

On the subject of gay marriage and homosexuality A manifesto

4163 words - 17 pages and I assume you are agreeing with this idea. This is a solid legal position based on a real law and I applaud the troops of this issue for wading deeply into a place you are not used to being. It takes guts.Now, please let me get to the REAL reason for my missive in this manifesto. The following points are made in argument form toward the "anti-gay" marriage movement, and of homosexuality. The points made are also some quotes, songs, poems

Stabilizing the Foreclosure Epidemic

1004 words - 4 pages Let me first state that in order to solve this crisis we must not only think outside the box ( an overused cliche that makes no sense) but outside Washington D.C.. With all of the lobbyist and special interest groups who fight against any type of change that would not fill up their wallets, this will be an extremely arduous task. But it can be done, should be done, and will be done ...The American people have already bailed out Wall Street. We

The role James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin had in finding the structure of DNA

1688 words - 7 pages In 1962 James Watson (1928-today), Francis Crick (1916-2004), and Maurice Wilkins (1916-2004) jointly received the Nobel Prize in medicine or physiology for their determination in 1953 of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Because the Nobel Prize can be awarded only to the living, Wilkins's colleague Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958), who died of cancer at the age of 37, could not be honored.The background for the work of the four

Reflection of African marriage and the culture of bride price in Buchi Emecheta’s novel The Bride Price

3668 words - 15 pages ”, animals like “cows”, “goats” etc. are also given. There is a belief in African society that if the bride price is not paid then, the bride dies in childbirth. The African men and women strongly hold this belief no matter how modern the society has become in order to avoid death. Male writers from Africa glorify women and present them with dignity and honour in their writings. As for instance Chinua Achebe’s protagonist Okonkwo, in the novel

Similar Essays

Equilibrium In The Market Essay

1353 words - 5 pages willingness to withhold some demand for a certain product. Of course, the basics of supply and demand retrospectively control the equilibrium in the market. Supply and demand is one of the most simple-looking aspects of an economy and its study, but yet it presents the greatest challenge to analysts. Although most events can be mathematically calculated to perfection, the human aspect always intervenes and throws off a calculation. Dealing with the

The Role Of The Central Bank In Stabilizing The Economy

2650 words - 11 pages Monetary Policy Monetary policy is divided into two categories, contractionary monetary policy and expansionary monetary policy. Contractionary monetary policy is a policy that reduces the money supply and increases interest rate. It aims to slow down economic growth in order to prevent or slow down inflation. Expansionary monetary policy is a policy that lowers interest rate and increases money supply. It aims to stimulate economic growth and

The Role Of Women And Marriage In Socrates' The Republic

1114 words - 4 pages people. Then he further goes on to explain that in order to avoid irregular unholy intercourse there will be festivals at set times in the year during which the marriage of couples for intercourse will occur. According to this decree the best women will be “given” to the best and most prestigious men of the city often times in multiples in order to secure there will be more offspring of this caliber. While the process of setting forth or arraigning

Homosexuality In The Military Essay

1844 words - 8 pages their chain of command. There were many concerns regarding the reaction to the repeal of DADT. Military leaders believed a mass exodus of heterosexual military members and a rise in hazing and harassment would occur out of unwillingness of a heterosexual member to work side-by-side with a gay service member. Contrary to these fears a report, written by General Carter Ham to the Pentagon “concluded that gay men and women could serve openly with