Stalin Essay

1007 words - 4 pages

Joseph Stalins rule was profoundly beneficial politically and economically for the Soviet Union until 1938 however had a significant negative social impact. In the late 1920s Stalin was appointed the general secretary of the Bolshevik party in 1922. In 1924 Stalin expanded the functions of his role, all the while eliminating any opposition. By the late 1920s, he had made himself effectively the dictator of the Soviet Union, ruling with autocracy. Stalin aimed to industrialise Russia so it could become a great world power. Whilst Stalins 5 year plans towards industrialisation was effective, the substantial impact of the purges and the failure of collectivisation, far exceed any economic and political benefits from Stalin.
Stalin strongly believed collectivisation would be beneficial for the economy however collectivisation was ineffective due to the lack of cooperation of the kulaks and peasant. Stalin had a strong hold of the economy and forced collectivisation with his ultimate power.(HISTORY.com,. 2014). Stalin believed that collectivisation would increase agricultural output whilst solving the crisis of agricultural distribution. (McCauley, 1983, pg 25) Increasing the agriculture output was important in assisting the desperately needed industrialisation of Russia. (Baker, C. , 1990, pg 38) The plan seemed to be successful, by 1935, 94 per cent of agricultural land had been collectivised and the kulak class had been eliminated. The kulak class were the richest peasants who owned and rented the farm land. They didn't want to produce more than what was needed to sustain themselves. (Baker, C. , 1990, pg 39) Stalin used force against the peasant resistance in order to collectivize their plots of land. The peasants preferred to kill their livestock and burn their stockpiles than to give it to the government. Stalin used the force of the OGPU (security police) troops to break this resistance. He created man made famines in areas of resistance, whilst deporting all of their goods. He shot people for stealing and sent millions to labor camps .They burned the villages. Collectivization was unsuccessful as it reduced the agricultural output, mostly due to the lack of cooperation with the peasants. Its believed that half of the collective farm produce rotted for lack of transport and adequate transport.The farms were under equipped with educated farm managers and capital to have efficient production. Motor Tractor Stations were established and had an insufficient amount of motor tractors per farm within its area. Instead of Stalin finding Russia working with a wooden plough and leaving her equipped with nuclear power he left the farms with ineffective, corrupt Motor Tractor Stations. (Acienciala.faculty.ku.edu, 2014)
The purges and show trials were effective at creating terror and was beneficial to the Soviet Union politically. To maintain control of Russia, Stalin removed anyone who was threatening to his grand plans, such as peasants and...

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