Try to imagine this scenario. At noon, execution was held, and when the orders were given, multiple dogs bared their fangs and tore through the flesh of four pigs that supposedly “revolted”. One by one, animals that had done no harm were forced to confess that they were traitors and were slaughtered. In a matter of minutes, the scent of bloodshed and death filled the entire area. Piles of dead bodies were left to decay in the barnyard. This exhibit of murder sounds gruesome, correct? In fact, this is an event that occurs in the novel Animal Farm, a satire of the Russian Revolution written by George Orwell. This scene in particular is a parallel of the Blood Purges, a time when opposition of Joseph Stalin (totalitarian dictator), such as Leon Trotsky’s (his main enemy) followers were exiled or murdered. Although events of this nature are strong satires, the parallels between characters in the novel and those of the Russian Revolution are more common satires. In particular, the characters Old Major, Snowball and the ruthless, power-hungry Napoleon are the main reason for Animal Farm being a satire of the Russian Revolution.
To begin, Old Major is a very notable satire. Old Major himself portrays Vladimir Lenin, the man who planted the ideas to rebel against Nicholas Czar. Leninism, a political belief that imperialism is the highest form of capitalism which shifts struggles in all societies was made by Lenin. Similarly, Old Major planted the idea to rebel against Mr. Jones and formed the ideas for ANIMALISM, which in blunt terms states, “Four legs good, two legs bad,” (13). During his speech, Old Major states that the main reason by which rebellion is necessary is, “Man. Man
is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished for ever,” (2). This statement’s effect caused a rebellion not long after the speech is given. Coincidentally, one of Vladimir Lenin’s infamous quotes states, “Without a revolutionary theory there cannot be a revolutionary movement,” (3). Overall, the multiple similarities between actual occurrences and events of the novel make Old Major a clear proof of satire.
Another character whose existence supports Animal Farm being a satire is Snowball. Energetic, creative and intelligent, Snowball is one of two main pigs who are entrusted with the wellbeing of Animal Farm. His parallel from the Russian Revolution was the rival of Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky. Originally a Menshevik (minority faction), he eventually joined the Bolsheviks (majority faction) and played an immanent role by increasing its power and keeping the regime itself alive. One of his most notable accomplishments was assisting his favored side in winning the Russian Civil War. Through this intense battle, Nicholas Tsar was forced to retreat for a long time. Therefore, it isn’t horribly difficult to predict that a similar event occurred in Animal Farm. During the Battle of Cowshed,...