Stalking involves threatening behaviors and harassment. It is not the type of actions that should be taken lightly because it can lead to much more violent behaviors. This is why stalking is a very important topic to address when discussing intimate violence. All too often stalking will lead to further violence by not only strangers but acquaintances and former partners. It can also become a toxic situation where harm or death results (Meadows, 2010). Stalking cases can vary in several ways. For instance, the way the stalking takes place and/or the motives behind the stalking. Stalking can begin to happen before the victim even realizes it and that is why it is important to gain knowledge on how to deal with the situation.
The first issue to discuss is determining the motive of the stalker. There is not one type of stalker; this is reflected by the numerous categories created pertaining to a stalker’s motive. Typologies have been created to illustrate these varying types of stalkers. One typology, developed by Zona, Palarea and Lane (1998), used information gathered from Law enforcement agencies to create a typology “based on the relationship between the victim and the offender: (Meadows, 2010, p. 61). This typology categorized stalkers into four different categories; they are listed as follows:
(1) Simple Obsession –
• The victim and perpetrator have had a prior relationship.
• This is considered the largest and probably the most threatening to the victim.
• The motivation behind these stalkers may be coercion to reenter a failed relationship or revenge by making the life of the former partner miserable.
• In this category it is typical for tactics like fear and harassment to be used.
(2) Love Obsession –
• The type is the obsessed fan or celebrity stalker.
• Generally, there was no prior relationship between the victim and stalker.
• The victims are usually known through the media or Internet.
• Predicting the behavior or actions of these individuals is difficult, because they usually suffer from a mental...