The differences that we see between state governments and federal governments, are mainly because the two governments have completely different jobs to do.
The State of Colorado has a preamble that states:
“We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government; establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the “State of Colorado”.”
In The State Preamble some of the duties of the State Government are listed, such as establishing justice, insuring peace and safety, providing for the armed forces, and securing the right of liberty and freedom. These are things that the State Government is appointed to accomplish, with or without the help of the Federal Government.
The Federal Government has a preamble that is extremely similar, but the main difference is that the Federal Government is in control of the overall justice, peace, safety, and freedom of the entire country, not each state individually, but the country as a whole.
America was founded on a type of government called federalism, which means that power is split between the state (local) governments, and the federal government. Every state has its own Constitution, but it must match up with the US Constitution. The State Government is in charge of following through with the duties described in its particular Constitution, but it cannot be in disagreement with an amendment in the United States Constitution.
The Federal Government is split into three different branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The States are all split into those same three branches, and the State of Colorado is also ruled by these three documents: The ‘United States Constitution’, the ‘Colorado State Constitution’, and the ‘laws of the state’. The Governor of Colorado is John Hickenlooper, who heads the largest branch, the executive branch. The Governor is elected every four years, and is responsible for keeping track of and enforcing the state budget, and approving new laws. There are four other officials in the executive branch, which consist of: Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, and Attorney General. The Executive branch has many jobs, which include making sure that the law enforcement and other positions of authority are following the laws correctly, choosing the state board members and commissioners, maintaining and organizing all the maps, bonds, laws, books, and records deposited with the State, and serving as legal counsel to all other departments, branches, boards, divisions, bureaus, and agencies of the State.
The Legislative Branch is also called the General Assembly, and is made up of a Senate, and House of Representatives. The Senate consists of 35 members, and the House consists of 65 members. The Legislative...