Scientists are attempting to expand on stem cell research, while aspiring towards new medical advancements, but Maryland is questioning State-funded research (Department of Legislative Services, Office of Information Systems [DLSOIS], 2011). Stem cells have the ability to regenerate themselves and produce specialized cell types (Academy of Sciences, 2009). After a stem cell divides, the stem cell can continue to exist as a stem cell, or turn into a unique cell, like a red blood cell (Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Stem cells have the capability to replace damaged cells, which can improve detrimental heath issues, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease (IOH, 2011).
A bill has been proposed to the Maryland General Assembly, which requested the Maryland Technology Development Corporation (TEDCO) and the Stem Cell Research Commission to report to the public on the progress of State-funded stem cell research by holding an annual public symposium, at which each recipient of money from the Stem Cell Research Fund must present research results. (DLSOIS, 2011). There are two types of stem cells: embryonic and adult(IOH, 2011). Embryonic cells, commonly referred to as blastocysts, are removed and placed into a culture dish with a special liquid, stimulating growth (IOH, 2011). Stem cells can be produced through in vitro fertilization or nuclear transfer (Academy of Sciences, 2009). In vitro fertilization allows for the removal of a woman’s eggs, which are then either implanted in the womb or placed in freezers for storage (Academy of Sciences, 2009). In vitro fertilization could be used to produce blastocysts and promote the isolation of stem cells with particular genetic traits, which would be used to study diseases (Academy of Sciences, 2009). Nuclear transfer is the alternative way to produce embryonic stem cells (Academy of Sciences, 2009). Although the process has not be successfully accomplished in human stem cells, this procedure would produce copies or clones of the original adult cell (Academy of Sciences, 2009). Nuclear transfusion would allow scientists to study the maturation of diseases by producing stem cells involving the progression of specific diseases (Academy of Sciences, 2009).
Adult stem cells are found within organs that require continual cell production, like the blood cell or skin cell, and function as a cell replicator (Academy of Sciences, 2009). A single adult stem cell can produce genetically identical cells, which could be distinguished into distinct cell types of the tissue (IOH, 2011). These stem cells have the ability to regenerate or reform tissue after transplanted (IOH, 2011). Using adult stem cells would provide a means to guide available cells into other cell types which have been lost or damaged (IOH, 2011).
Stem cells have enabled suffering patients to obtain modernized therapies, which are less invasive and demoralizing. Our bodies have the ability to...