Statistical Report On The Effects Of Self Efficacy On Depression

1800 words - 8 pages

Introduction to self-efficacy
Self-efficacy has been studied extensively since Albert Bandura first published his theory in 1977. In social situations, individuals have varying perceptions of their ability to successfully interact with others.(Bandura 1977) In other words, their self-efficacy beliefs reflect their level of social confidence (Bandura, 1977). The possession of strong self-efficacy beliefs has been related to positive outcomes in academic achievement, career choice and also to reduce levels of depression (Bandura, 1977). Self-efficacy is defined as a person’s internal ability to successfully meet the challenges that one faces (Bandura 1977). Bandura (1986) stated that self-efficacy is not the actual ability to complete tasks but the person’s perception of their ability to complete that task. The implications of self-efficacy in the social domain have also been related to constructs such as social anxiety, shyness, and self-esteem (Smith & Betz, 2000).
Bandura’s theoretical model of perceived self-efficacy beliefs includes proposed sources of efficacy information in addition to postulated outcome variables, which include approach versus avoidance, persistence, and performance. This study will also examine self-efficacy as a person’s perception and not their actual abilities. Self-efficacy is also considered a resource as it helps in a person’s ability to cope and as their ability to cope increases so does their levels of self-efficacy (Bandura 1977). The perception of self-efficacy also is the perception of one’s control over their environment and this helps a person navigate life’s challenges in a positive manner (Bandura, 1997; Smith & Betz, 2002).
Practicality of Self-Efficacy
This confidence or self-efficacy is a person’s ability to take knowledge and skill and then change it into a positive coping strategy (Nebbitt, 2009, p.346). A person can get this confidence from a number of places including a positive perception of community, which can help increase a person’s levels of self-efficacy (Nebbitt, 2009, p.346). Although a person says they have higher levels of self-efficacy, this may not be accurate or produce the desired results, but it may aid in the motivation to improve performance and self-efficacy (Bandura 1997). Bandura also stated the self-efficacy statements are not influenced by the desire to appear socially acceptable. This is due to a person gaining knowledge about his or her abilities, not based on thinking but on an evaluation of numerous past insistences of achievements or failures (Bandura, 1997). These achievements or failures for young adults are experienced mostly through school and various social interactions.
Connection between Self-Efficacy and depression
In addition, the association between social self-efficacy and depressive symptomatology has been well- established, describing individuals with higher levels of perceived social self-efficacy demonstrating lower levels of depression and self-esteem...

Find Another Essay On Statistical Report on the Effects of Self-Efficacy on Depression

The Effects of Thinking on Human Stress and Depression

897 words - 4 pages . Whereas, opponents of assisted suicide and abortion believe that both situations qualify as murder. This differentiation between what is perceived as good or bad also applies more frequently on a smaller scale, to the associations we form about the events that happen to us in every day life, and has profound implications about stress and depression. Charleton (1992) provides a useful definition of stress as a general medical label that is

The Effects of Low Self Esteem on Children

1163 words - 5 pages The Effects of Low Self Esteem on Children What is Low self-esteem? In most cases, children with low self-esteem feel that the important adults and peers in their lives do not accept them, do not care about them very much, and would not go out of their way to ensure their safety and well-being. Negative self-esteem is related to low self-confidence, insecurity, underachievement, anxiety, depression, acting-out behavior, sleep problems and

Biology Lab Report on the Effects of Photosynthesis

1275 words - 5 pages , Lugol's iodine solution in dropper bottles, 250-mL beakers, 100-mL beakers, tongs, foreceps, Petri dishes, glass-marking pencil, 70% alcoholMethodPART I - Effects Of Light And Dark On Starch FormationThe leaves used for Part I are completely green. A few of these leaves have been entirely and partially covered with black paper two days before the lab. Then the plant was exposed to good light during the day.1. With a glass-marking pencil, label one

How Healthcare Services Reduce the Effects of Postnatal Depression Experience on Attachment and Mother-Child Relationship

1487 words - 6 pages children in particularly to experience mental health later on in their adolescent and adult lives. Impact on Children’s Mental Health As mentioned, a consequence of disorganised attachment as a result of mothers experiencing postnatal depression. Dogra eta l (2011) additionally states that children experience mental health such as depression, anxiety, self-harm and eating disorder, although they are not diagnosed with it because of the stigma

The Role of Self-Efficacy in Behavioural Change

1514 words - 6 pages THE ROLE OF SELF EFFICACY IN BEHAVIOUR CHANGE The Oxford Dictionary has defined behaviour as the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially towards others. On the other hand, behavioural change is often a goal for a person to work directly with other people, group of people, population, organizations, or governments.(Glanz,Lewis, & Rimers, 1990, p. 17) Behavioural change can occur when the positive behaviours one wants are

"What Effects Did The Great Depression Have On Australian Society?"

1263 words - 5 pages "What effects did The Great Depression have on Australian society?" The Great Depression had dual effects on Australian people; the ones that became unemployed went through tough times, and conversely the ones that retained their jobs prospered due to the depression. The family units during The Great Depression were under tremendous strain as a result of the desperation for jobs, leaving fathers resorting to "˜going bush' to look for work

The Effects of Homelessness on the Overall Self-Esteem of Homeless Youth

1760 words - 7 pages . Youth with mental health issues struggle with obtaining and maintaining employment adding to the frustration of being meet their basic needs. The National Network for Youth report “Homeless adolescents often suffer from severe anxiety and depression...and low self-esteem. The rates of major depression, conduct disorder, and post-traumatic stress syndrome were found to be three times as high among runaway youth” as among the general youth

The Effects of Depression

828 words - 3 pages that the person can respond better (Psychology Information Online). There are many different varieties of antidepressants. They include monoamine oxidase inhibitors or elective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Each of these categories include many different specific types that have different effects on each person. Psychological treatment of depression (psychotherapy) can assist the depressed individual in several ways according to

The Importance of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Students

1065 words - 4 pages important that as a teacher I raise self-efficacy within my students. Self-efficacy ones awareness of their capacity to learn and perform (Carpenter, 2010). In order to do this it is important that children within my class experience success, are praised and admired by others, and are provided with opportunity to enjoy success (Westwood, 2007). By setting a culture within the class that sees students compete with themselves and not others will develop confidence within students of their own capabilities, thus maximising educational outcomes.

Biology Lab Report On The Effects Of Adrenalin On A Daphnia

1450 words - 6 pages AbstractFor this experiment we tested the effects of different adrenalin concentrations (0.001%; 0.01%; 0.1%) on the daphnia flea. The daphnia was placed on a slide with cover slip in order to examine its heartbeat by using the microscope.AimIn this Lab we will study the effect of different concentrations of adrenalin on the heart rate daphnia, the water flea.It is expected to recognize a threshold of the daphnia in its reaction the three

The Effects of Stereotype Threat and Self-Esteem on Task Performance

2878 words - 12 pages There have been many studies on stereotype threat and self-esteem and their negative effects on task performance. These studies have focused primarily on minorities such as women, blacks, Latinos and Asians and have found that stereotype threat and self-esteem have influenced negatively in task performance. Steele (1997) investigated how self-esteem and stereotype threat affects task performance and has found that most of task failures have to

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Advertising On Self Image

2077 words - 8 pages anxious, express more symptoms of depression and eating disorders, and have poorer social self-esteem than those who are aschematic on appearance” (Jung, Lennon 33). On the other side, person that is aschematic on appearances will have a much larger tendency to be resistant to the media’s effects. Self-schemas allow individuals to selectively choose relevant information and ignore what is not relevant to them. So, people who are appearance

Effects Of Ability On Depression Essay

2545 words - 10 pages model of depression: Effects of desipramine . Physiology & Behavior, 62, (4), 729-733. Gupta, S., Masand, P. (2004). Aripiprazole: review of its pharmacology and therapeutic use in Psychiatric disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 16, 155-166. Kitamura, Y., Yagi, T., Kitagawa, K., Shinomiya, K., Kawasaki, H., Asanuma, M., & Gomita, Y. (2010). Effects of bupropion on the forced swim test and release of dopamine in the nucleus

The Concept Of Self Efficacy Essay

1853 words - 7 pages solely based on the basic animal instinct of drive. People are motivated to behave in certain ways because they perceive themselves as being able to effect a desired change. As a persons behavior is repeated and actually effects the desired change a person is providing reinforcement of their confidence in their competence at effect the desired change. The person is energized by the concept of self-efficacy and it’s feeling of empowerment. (White, 1959

Report On The Physiological Effects Of Alcohol

533 words - 2 pages increased. He or she will have difficulty standing and locomotion is difficult; he or she will often bump into stationary objects Operation of a motor vehicle becomes extremely dangerous due to the decreasing visual acuity, particularly on the periphery, including impairment the eye's ability to recover from glare and distinguish between colors.Alcohol consumption beyond this point results in general confusion, dizziness and exaggerated emotions. The