This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stats Final Paper

1881 words - 8 pages

Using survey data from an online vignette experiment of college students at a large university in the southwest, I examine whether the “fatherhood premium” or “marriage premium” exists. Respondents were randomly assigned to conditions wherein they read a vignette about a potential applicant for an associate professor position. Applicant descriptions were constant across conditions, varying on parental status (parent and non-parent) and marital status (married and single). Respondents then evaluated their applicant on three universal dimensions of meaning: evaluation, potency and activity (EPA) to see if there are differences across applicant characteristics. Results show no major findings on ...view middle of the document...

It could be due to employer preferences for certain types of fathers (Correll et al. 2007; Kmec 2011), productivity differences between certain types of fathers (Killewald 2013), or a combination of these factors. Using a survey experiment methodology, I investigate the extent to which marital status affects the size of the fatherhood premium. I will control for productivity, allowing me to eliminate that as a reason for these relationships and focus on whether prospective employer perceptions vary across attributes of fathers.
Literature Review
The Fatherhood Premium
Studies find that fathers experience rewards in the workplace, or a “fatherhood premium”, in that others view fathers as overall better workers (Coltrane 2004; Correll et al. 2007; Fuegen et al. 2004). Correll, Benard and Paik (2007), found that subjects rated fathers more positively than non-fathers in many ways by recommending them for hire, offering them a higher starting salary, allowing them more days late, rating them more deserving of a promotion, more worthy of management positions.
One reason fathers benefit more than non-fathers has to do with their work patterns. Fathers work an extra two to three hours per week than do childless men (Kaufman and Uhlenberg 2000), which may influence the size of the fatherhood premium. Several studies also point to productivity differences, with fathers becoming more productive at work than non-fathers. Yet this mechanism is rarely measured (Budig and England 2001; Killewald 2013). Instead, studies suggest preferential treatment by employers may influence a large portion of the fatherhood premium. Researchers found that employers tend to believe that fatherhood motivates men more on the job and found in an experimental study that prospective employers rated fathers more positively and offered them higher starting salaries than non-fathers (Kmec 2011; Correll et al. 2007).
The Marriage Premium
Marriage, separately from parenthood, also tends to benefit men in the workplace. In fact, marriage increases men’s hourly wages by 10 to as much as 40 percent (Ahituv and Lerman 2007; Cohen 2002). Married men are also viewed more positively as workers. Married men receive higher performance evaluations and are more likely to be promoted than single men (Korenman and Neumark 1991; Mehay and Bowman 2005). Much like parenthood, marriage additionally brings rewards for men in the workplace.
Explanations for the marriage premium are similar to explanations for the fatherhood premium. Men’s wages increase when their wives assume more of the unpaid labor as they assume more responsibility in paid labor. However, many studies that find that men’s unpaid labor times are not associated with wage increases (Hersch and Stratton 2000; Lincoln 2008). A second explanation is that that married men are more productive than single men. For example, Lincoln (2008) found that married men with high labor force attachment receive marriage premiums. Third, employer...

Find Another Essay On Stats Final Paper

The Four Functions Of Management: Planning, Management, Leading and Controlling

861 words - 3 pages the employees are working in a fun yet professional atmosphere. Controlling The final function of management is the function of controlling. A major component of controlling is monitoring. "When managers implement their plans, they often find that things are not working out as planned. The controlling function makes sure that goals are met. It asks and answers the question, "Are our actual outcomes consistent with our goals" (Bateman & Snell

Functions Of Management Essay

852 words - 3 pages example, which is huge moral booster. They tend to ask anything of you that they wouldn't or have not done themselves. My company is a big proprietor of promotions from within, so most in management know what it's like to be "low man" on the rung and they are always conscious of that and do what they can to make sure the employees are working in a fun yet professional atmosphere. The final function of management is the function of controlling. A

The Four Functions of Management

872 words - 3 pages that and do what they can to make sure the employees are working in a fun yet professional atmosphere.ControllingThe final function of management is the function of controlling. A major component of controlling is monitoring. "When managers implement their plans, they often find that things are not working out as planned. The controlling function makes sure that goals are met. It asks and answers the question, 'Are our actual outcomes consistent

Economic Picture of Great Britain 2003 This is an economic report on the United Kingdom going into details using current 2002 stats

3354 words - 13 pages list of the natural economic resources found in the UK:machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods such ascereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fishStability of

DuPont Registry & Exotic Car

1296 words - 5 pages there is not one vehicle review and half of the cars don’t have the name written next to the picture nor the year. All the DuPont registry is, is a large collection of car pictures. There is no info on any thing, no info who makes it, no price range, no stats, nothing. If you looked at DuPont registry and then looked at Exotic Car you will notice that it is the total opposite. Exotic Car is 80% pictures with specs and vehicle reviews. The

Taking a Closer Look at Michael Jordan

1082 words - 5 pages two were girls. His brothers names were James R. Jordan jr. and Larry Jordan. His sisters names were Deloris and Roslyn Jordan(Google). In this paper I will be showing you how Michael Jordan changed the way people look at and play basketball. Jordan is an inspiration to most people because he was cut from his varsity basketball team his sophomore year but that didn't stop him. Instead of Jordan making varsity his good friend Leroy Smith made the

Networks & Telecommunications I

1074 words - 4 pages how to login to their phone, transfer a call, conference a call, and to check the stats throughout the day to know the call volume taken. It seems to be a lot, but with proper training efficient use and proficiency, even without a lot of thought is inevitable. It is hoped that this paper brought better insight into what Aspect is and how it performs for the business in a day to day basis at Quality Technology Services. This system definitely is a

Should There be a Playoff in College Football ?

1226 words - 5 pages every year because the BCS is belleved not to be a fair way in determining the number one team at the end of the football season.When I first started this paper my original topic was, what if Rutgers was one of two teams that went undefeated this college season; should they play for the National Championship game in January? This did not happen and they ended up falling to Cincinnati on November 18th. For this topic I had already made a K&W

Coastal migration to te Americas

1485 words - 6 pages According to the standard accepted theory, the Clovis people were the first inhabitants of the Americas. The Clovis people crossed the Beringia land bridge during the period of the last ice age, from there they spread across the Americas through an ice free-corridor. However, recent finding have suggested that the first people did not walk to America but came by boat. This paper will examine evidence found in Haida Gwaii and other sites along

An Investigation into the Usefulness of Twitter for Enhancing Delegate Experience

1652 words - 7 pages . 5. Chapter Five: The final chapter of this dissertation will conclude the entirety of the paper, discussing critically the findings and the possible significance that this could have for event managers when considering delegate experience at conferences. Further to this suitable recommendations, will be proposed for future conference organisers and supplementary academic research. Bibliography Atkinson, C. 2010. The backchannel

Race and Ethnicity in My Community

2531 words - 10 pages that concern me. I believe that was a foundation in the community's acceptance of me and my family. Given the fact that I am an Ordained Minister, fellowship and worship is a part of our daily life. I believe that settling into a local church was the final key that helped break the ice with our new community.Reverend Ronnie T. Northam Sr., who is the founder and Pastor of Rhema Love Center, was the first to welcome us with open arms. Rev

Similar Essays

Research Process Paper: Baseball Era/ Team Paper Res341 With Instructor Notes

1300 words - 5 pages problem definition that explains what question will be answered by the research, and 3) provide a research hypothesis that will include: identifying three possible outcomes that can result from the research, identifying the variables to be tested and, defining the level of measurement and the measurement scale for each variable. The final section of this paper will include a brief discussion of the remaining steps in the research process the team

Peyton Manning Vs Tom Brady Essay

2432 words - 10 pages "). Brady replaced the injured Bledsoe two series later and failed to piece together a game winning drive on the final series of the game. Sitting at 0-2, the Patriots named Tom Brady their starter against the one and only Peyton Manning. In his first two games he defeated the Colts 44-13 and loss to the Miami Dolphins 30-10—subpar to say the least ("Tom Brady: Career Stats at NFL.com"). It was during game number five in which we saw Brady drive the

Pie Charts Essay

937 words - 4 pages represented is used, along with each slice clearly labeled to identify its characteristics, and the source of the data. Appropriate colors and or shading are also quite valuable in distinguishing the segments. Test the chart in its final format for readability. Whether it be displayed on a projector, paper or computer screen. With the assistance of a coworker, ensure that the audience will be able to clearly interpret the graph, making sure the

Infant Mortality Within The United States

3569 words - 14 pages together with the intent of providing national standards for history and geography students on the elementary and high school level. Upon graduation from high school, students should master eighteen basic principles. This paper provides an opportunity for students to know and understand three of these guidelines. First, students will know how to use maps and graphical tools to acquire, process, and report information (number one of the National