Stem Cell Essay

1374 words - 5 pages

I chose to do my paper on stem cell research. I chose this topic because it is very controversial right now and I feel strongly about it. I want to present you with as much information as possible so you can make you own educated decision.First of all what are stem cells? ?Stem cells are cells that have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body. Serving as a sort of repair system for the body, they can theoretically divide without limit to replenish other cells for as long as the person or animal is still alive. When a stem cell divides, each "daughter" cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell.?(Stem Cell Research FAQs) You never hear stem cell with out it being followed by the word research. Why? Because it is still a new field of medical research with very little being known about it. You the see the research is down on human embryos, the cells are extracted from fetuses that are the result of medical abortions. This is where the controversy comes in. People who disagree with stem-cell research find their reasoning for their rejection of the practice in a much higher place. They believe that experimenting with embryos is wrong and an affront to God. Any advances would not be worth the potential sin of conducting experiments on embryonic cells. Anti-abortion persons in turn also find stem cell research wrong and are strongly against. The people that are anti-stem cell research are very strong into their beliefs and have marches and demonstrations across the country and even in Washington, D.C. for the immediate stop of this new medical science known as stem cell research.So why not use stem cells from adults instead of using human embryonic stem cells for the research? ?Human embryonic stem cells are thought to have much greater developmental potential than adult stem cells. This means that embryonic stem cells may be pluripotent ?that is, able to give rise to cells found in all tissues of the embryo except for germ cells rather than being merely multipotent--restricted to specific subpopulations of cell types, as adult stem cells are thought to be.? (Stem Cell Research FAQs) Why are doctors and scientists alike so interested in human embryonic stem cells? ?Stem cells have potential in many different areas of health and medical research. To start with, studying stem cells will help us to understand how they transform into the dazzling array of specialized cells that make us what we are. Some of the most serious medical conditions, such as cancer and birth defects, are due to problems that occur somewhere in this process. A better understanding of normal cell development will allow us to understand and perhaps correct the errors that cause these medical conditions. Another potential application of stem cells is making cells and tissues for medical therapies. Today, donated organs...

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