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Stem Cell Essay

534 words - 2 pages

Stem Cell - DebateThis case is about Andy which were diagnosed with NEMO 10 years ago out of the 20 thousand genes in the human body, researchers at Children's were able to identify the specific mutation (like finding a misspelled word in the Encyclopedia Britannica) that was causing the deadly problem. Until recently, the last time I checked, there were only about 72 cases registered in the medical journals of children with NEMO, and only half of the cases were alive. Most of them died of infections.Andy had all types of infections all over his body. Doctors recommended a bone marrow stem cell transplant to try to replace parts of his immune system. The bone marrow would be the only way for Andy survives through adulthood. But for this work he needed a compatible donor. Which were very difficult to find let their parents with only one choice, have another child and that the new born umbilical cord stem cells. But the parents run the risk of have another child with the same disease.They learned about IVF to have another child. A pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) checked the compatibility and rule out NEMO. It took them five IVF cycles and 36 embryos to find their daughter, Sofia, which were a health baby girl.A couple of weeks later, they learned that the numbers of stem cells obtained from it were not going to be enough for Andy's transplant. They were hoping to find a way to increase the numbers of cells without having to take more cells from Sofia. It...

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