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Stem Cell Research Essay

1291 words - 5 pages

Stem Cell Research
In light of the continued advancement of technology and research in the medical field, there have been some groundbreaking developments that have been heralded as indications that scientific research can produce remarkable results when it is integrated with technology. Since the turn of the 20th century, major breakthroughs like the discovery of DNA and the development of anti-retroviral drugs for HIV/AIDS have been cited as the reason why scientific research especially in the medical field must be supported. Research on Stem cell has been particularly singled out as a new avenue for prolonging life and alleviating diseases, but just like all scientific research developments it has come with its fair share of controversy. (Prentice, 1998).
Stem cells can be categorized as biological cells that exist in all organisms; they are capable of self-renewal and divide and differentiated to form new cells. They are divided into two major categories: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. This paper scrutinizes the pros and cons of stem cell research, with special prominence on embryonic stem cell study.
Arguments For
Treatment of Diseases
Embryonic stem cells have been cited as having the capability to grow into any kind of cells, for instance bone marrow cells or brain cells. They have the potential to renew themselves and as a result can be used to develop therapies for various kinds of diseases. Some of the ailments which can be treated or whose effects can reduced through the use of embryonic stem cells include cancer, diabetes, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, stroke and heart diseases. This is often mentioned by scientists and proponents of embryonic stem cell investigation as a valid reason to support this venture in order to help rid the world of the devastating effects of the above-mentioned diseases.
Enabling Transplantation and Reducing the Dangers Associated With it.
As mentioned earlier in this paper, embryonic stem cells have the potential of developing into any type of cell. This means when grown and cultured in the right conditions they can be used to grow tissues and in the long run organs. It is widely acknowledged that a lot of deaths occur today that can be prevented by people receiving alternative organs. Millions of people across the world suffer from heart, kidney and lung defects and a majority of them end up dying simply because a donor could not be found. According to Coppo (1996), this is where embryonic stem cell investigation comes in. With the capability of developing new organs out of stem cells, the shortage in compatible organs can be reduced and as a result deaths and diseases resulting from diseases affecting various organs can be prevented.
Embryonic Stem Cells are Superior to Adult Stem Cells
A lot of arguments have been made to support the use of adult stem cells rather than embryonic stem cells. Proponents of these arguments claim that adult stem cells can be used for...

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