Stem Cell Research: A Report/ Term Paper

2462 words - 10 pages

Stem cell research is the future of medicine. Stem cells hold the cures to many diseases, such as diabetes, paralysis and maybe even cancer. However, stem cells are a major issue in the United States at this current time. There are many people for and against the research of these valuable cells, in which scientists have only just begun to explore. One can see through studying these amazing cells that they hold much importance and to fully understand them a person must step into the science lab and observe their greatness. The main question is what are stem cells and what future do they hold for patients suffering incurable diseases and injuries?"In 1988, the Stanford professor of pathology and cancer biology, Irving Weissman, reported having isolated blood-forming stem cells from mice" (Embryonic). This was the beginning of stem cell research. This was the period where scientists knew they had the ability to research stem cells and know that they were not hunting for something that wasn't there. After Weissman's accomplishments in 1988, "four years later in 1992 he isolated stem cells from humans" (Embryonic). These amazing achievements were extremely rewarded with the hopes that stem cells would help cure or treat patients with such diseases as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, Multiple Sclerosis, patients who have been paralyzed, and maybe even victims of cancers.To understand what stem cells are you must know what they do. As defined by the Webster Dictionary, "a stem cell is an unspecialized cell that gives rise to differentiated cells". "A differentiated cell is a cell that is specialized for a certain aspect of the body, such as heart cells or liver cells" (Stem Cell Basics).Stem cells have two important characteristics that distinguish them from other types of cells. First, they are unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods through cell division. The second is that under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become cells with special functions such as the beating cells of the heart muscle or the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas (Stem Cell Basics).The stem cells being explained in the above quote are adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are one of two types of stem cells. "Adult stem cells are cells that every healthy person has that replace cells that die through daily use" (Stem Cell Basics). Such cells include that of the skin and the lining of the stomach. The other type of stem cell is embryonic stem cells. "Embryo, pertaining to the fetus created when a sperm and egg cell unite, starts off with dividing cells, which are undifferentiated at this time. As this embryo reaches a certain number of these undifferentiated cells, something magnificent occurs. These cells become specialized to develop into vital organs and bones" (Stem Cell Basics). Scientists are now trying to discover what are the circumstances that make these cells become specific cells to create the skin, the heart,...

Find Another Essay On Stem Cell Research: A Report/ Term Paper

Stem Cell Research: A Promising Medical Advancement

1451 words - 6 pages term "embryo" applies to a later stage of development, but in the debate over stem cell research, the term "embryonic stem cells" seems to be preferred (Mehlman 2005). The National Institutes of Health and some other advocates of embryonic stem cell research have argued that the ban does not apply to research on stem cells since these cells are not embryos (Mehlman 2005).Some people believe that life begins at conception. The truth is that no one

Stem Cell Research: A Brave New World

953 words - 4 pages Joey LasiterProfessor BeaudryEnglish 1031, November 2006Stem Cell Research: A Brave New WorldScience and ethics are at a constant battle; it is frequently difficult for science related issues to keep moral conduct in agreement with the procedures conducted in research. Human embryonic stem cell research, a more recent development, is one of the much-debated issues between science and beliefs today. Ethics and morals of life pertain to an

Finding a Cure: Stem Cell Research

1507 words - 6 pages marrow. My parents walked into my room, woke my sister, and I up, and spoke to us in a low monotone. They told us that Dad is going to be okay, but he is very sick. Unfortunately their faces struck more fear in us more than their words. He then went into extensive test, radiation therapy, and then into chemotherapy. This went on for seven months, and only a slight change happened. The doctors then decided to try stem cell transplant. They took the

A Scientific Explanation of Stem Cells and Stem Cell Research

562 words - 2 pages tumour that presented characteristics similar to normal stem cell. This tumour initiating cell was first described by Bonnet and Dick in human acute myeloid leukaemia when they sort out a subpopulation of CD34+/CD38- leukaemic cell subpopulation which are capable of initiating tumours when implanted in NOD/SCID mice (Bonnet and Dick 1997). This had prompted further research into other types of cancer. Cancer stem cell (CSC) had recently been

Stem Cell Research

1618 words - 6 pages Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The controversy over whether it's right or wrong.Stem cell research brings forth many new and exciting ways of looking at science. "A lot of advancements have been made and our society has been greatly impacted by them (Mitus)." Aside from all of the positive outlooks in this field of science, stem cell research has many ethical controversies, while also having some scientific problems. Stem cells are

Stem Cell Research

1291 words - 5 pages the reason why scientific research especially in the medical field must be supported. Research on Stem cell has been particularly singled out as a new avenue for prolonging life and alleviating diseases, but just like all scientific research developments it has come with its fair share of controversy. (Prentice, 1998). Stem cells can be categorized as biological cells that exist in all organisms; they are capable of self-renewal and divide and

Stem Cell Research

1289 words - 5 pages further development. Many people believe that stem cell research is immoral and unethical, others claim that it is important and necessary, because it can lead to cures against cancer and diabetes. I personally, agree with the latter group. I believe, that stem cell research has to be encouraged and funded appropriately.To understand the debate over stem cell research, it is important to understand the science behind it. The term ?stem cell

Stem Cell Research Controversy

891 words - 4 pages transplants that trigger tumors in patients. A February report in the PLoS Medicine journal, for example, described the case of an Israeli child who received lethal injections of "fetal neural stem cells" in a Russian clinic, triggering tumors.” (http://www.guardian.co.uk/) Thus, even if stem cell research can continue without killing human fetuses, then it should continue only in the form of observation. I don’t believe it should be implemented

Stem Cell Research

1037 words - 4 pages Stem Cell Research Stem cells are a large focus of study in today's biomedical world. Stem cell research offers the hope of transplants being done without the sacrifice of another person losing an organ. There are many different pros and cons when it comes to discussing the use of stem cells. In order to develop an opinion of whether or not stem cells should be used, one must first understand what they are and how they are used

Stem Cell Research

3391 words - 14 pages Information. Bethesda: National Health Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 13 Sept. 2010. Web. 18 Sept. 2010."Stem Cell Innovations." Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, 2007. Web. 7 Oct. q."Summery of 2004 Ballot Pamphlet." California Health Care Foundation. 2004. Web. 18 Sept. 2010."Timeline: A Brief History of Stem Cell Research." Science Progress. 16 Jan. 2009. Web. 30 Sept. 2010."Types of Stem Cells." New Zealand Biotechnology Learning Hub. 2005. Web. 6 Oct. 2010.paper ID: 159161148

Stem-Cell Research

1306 words - 6 pages medical treatments” (Hug 1). Stem cell research can be beneficial, but uses unethical procedures to become beneficial. Stem-cell research destroys embryos that have a moral status, sacrifices one life for another, and is research that could potentially lead to even more harmful scientific advances. Stem-cell research began in the 1800s.The term was first used in 1868. In 1909, a theory of blood cells coming from one ancestor cells was

Similar Essays

Stem Cell Research: A Report

2339 words - 9 pages Stem cell research is the future of medicine. Stem cells hold the cures to many diseases, such as diabetes, paralysis and maybe even cancer. However, stem cells are a major issue in the United States at this current time. There are many people for and against the research of these valuable cells, in which scientists have only just begun to explore. One can see through studying these amazing cells that they hold much importance and to fully

Stem Cell Research Paper.

2365 words - 9 pages Stem cell research is a controversial topic that has become a heated national debate. Researchers have found that embryonic stem cells can divide and regenerate. These embryonic stem cells can grow into many types of cells and tissues. Scientists believe that embryonic stem cells can have a positive impact in finding a cure for a wide range of diseases including Parkinson's disease, while conservative groups have compared the use of embryonic

Stem Cell Research Paper

1566 words - 6 pages A Life In The BalanceLife-threatening diseases afflict thousands of people daily. However, scientific breakthroughs are being made at an increasing rate. Technological advances are enabling the medical community to prolong and save lives - but it can come at a price. One of these breakthroughs is stem cell research which has become a very controversial issue. Pro-life advocates are strongly against stem cell research because they believe in the

Research Paper On Stem Cell Therapy.

1676 words - 7 pages Research on stem cells is advancing knowledge about how an organism develops from a single cell and how healthy cells replace damaged cells in adult organisms. Stem cells are one of the most fascinating areas of biology today. But like many expanding fields of scientific inquiry, research on stem cells raises many ethical questions as rapidly as it generates new discoveries. For example embryonic stem cell can be collected and later grown into