Stem Cell Research: A Report

2339 words - 9 pages

Stem cell research is the future of medicine. Stem cells hold the cures to many diseases, such as diabetes, paralysis and maybe even cancer. However, stem cells are a major issue in the United States at this current time. There are many people for and against the research of these valuable cells, in which scientists have only just begun to explore. One can see through studying these amazing cells that they hold much importance and to fully understand them a person must step into the science lab and observe their greatness. The main question is what are stem cells and what future do they hold for patients suffering incurable diseases and injuries?"In 1988, the Stanford professor of pathology and cancer biology, Irving Weissman, reported having isolated blood-forming stem cells from mice" (Embryonic). This was the beginning of stem cell research. This was the period where scientists knew they had the ability to research stem cells and know that they were not hunting for something that wasn't there. After Weissman's accomplishments in 1988, "four years later in 1992 he isolated stem cells from humans" (Embryonic). These amazing achievements were extremely rewarded with the hopes that stem cells would help cure or treat patients with such diseases as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, Multiple Sclerosis, patients who have been paralyzed, and maybe even victims of cancers.To understand what stem cells are you must know what they do. As defined by the Webster Dictionary, "a stem cell is an unspecialized cell that gives rise to differentiated cells". "A differentiated cell is a cell that is specialized for a certain aspect of the body, such as heart cells or liver cells" (Stem Cell Basics).Stem cells have two important characteristics that distinguish them from other types of cells. First, they are unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods through cell division. The second is that under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become cells with special functions such as the beating cells of the heart muscle or the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas (Stem Cell Basics).The stem cells being explained in the above quote are adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are one of two types of stem cells. "Adult stem cells are cells that every healthy person has that replace cells that die through daily use" (Stem Cell Basics). Such cells include that of the skin and the lining of the stomach. The other type of stem cell is embryonic stem cells. "Embryo, pertaining to the fetus created when a sperm and egg cell unite, starts off with dividing cells, which are undifferentiated at this time. As this embryo reaches a certain number of these undifferentiated cells, something magnificent occurs. These cells become specialized to develop into vital organs and bones" (Stem Cell Basics). Scientists are now trying to discover what are the circumstances that make these cells become specific cells to create the skin, the heart,...

Find Another Essay On Stem Cell Research: A Report

A Scientific Explanation of Stem Cells and Stem Cell Research

562 words - 2 pages tumour that presented characteristics similar to normal stem cell. This tumour initiating cell was first described by Bonnet and Dick in human acute myeloid leukaemia when they sort out a subpopulation of CD34+/CD38- leukaemic cell subpopulation which are capable of initiating tumours when implanted in NOD/SCID mice (Bonnet and Dick 1997). This had prompted further research into other types of cancer. Cancer stem cell (CSC) had recently been

Stem Cell Research Controversy Essay

891 words - 4 pages transplants that trigger tumors in patients. A February report in the PLoS Medicine journal, for example, described the case of an Israeli child who received lethal injections of "fetal neural stem cells" in a Russian clinic, triggering tumors.” (http://www.guardian.co.uk/) Thus, even if stem cell research can continue without killing human fetuses, then it should continue only in the form of observation. I don’t believe it should be implemented

Stem Cell Research

1037 words - 4 pages Stem Cell Research Stem cells are a large focus of study in today's biomedical world. Stem cell research offers the hope of transplants being done without the sacrifice of another person losing an organ. There are many different pros and cons when it comes to discussing the use of stem cells. In order to develop an opinion of whether or not stem cells should be used, one must first understand what they are and how they are used

stem cell research

560 words - 2 pages             Stem cell research is one of the greatest debate topics of the 21st century. Stem cells are a powerful tool in the fight to save lives. But with so many ethical issues surrounding stem cell research I am in fear that we may loose a powerful asset. In the debate you are about to see myself and a few of my fellow group members are debating on the Con side of stem cell research. But

Stem Cell Research

963 words - 4 pages harvesting of stem cells from embryos is seen as the destruction of human life. These activists believe using human tissue as a starting point for new cell development is unnatural; killing one person to help another (author). Nevertheless, it is an unconventional and controversial type of medicine that could prove to be groundbreaking. With the proliferation of disease such as cancer in our society, stem cell research must be furthered implored

Stem Cell Research

1675 words - 7 pages restricted in the ways they can be used because they are classified cells.* Umbilical cord stem cells - When a child is born, the umbilical cord attached to them can often contain some unclassified stem cells. These can be frozen and stored by a company and are particularly useful if the child has problems later in life.ResearchStem cells have been around forever but serious research into them and their uses has only been around since 1998. Stem cell

Stem Cell Research

1618 words - 6 pages Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The controversy over whether it's right or wrong.Stem cell research brings forth many new and exciting ways of looking at science. "A lot of advancements have been made and our society has been greatly impacted by them (Mitus)." Aside from all of the positive outlooks in this field of science, stem cell research has many ethical controversies, while also having some scientific problems. Stem cells are

Legalize Stem Cell Research

1087 words - 4 pages who suffer from a wide range of diseases. Stem cell research could be the key to finding cures for some of these diseases. Adult or embryonic stem cells can be used to aid in finding cures. This could be done through scientist researching and understanding why a certain gene may be faulty. According to the National Institute of Health, scientist have already discovered “ways to treat diseases like leukemia, lymphoma, and several

Stem Cell Research

1291 words - 5 pages the reason why scientific research especially in the medical field must be supported. Research on Stem cell has been particularly singled out as a new avenue for prolonging life and alleviating diseases, but just like all scientific research developments it has come with its fair share of controversy. (Prentice, 1998). Stem cells can be categorized as biological cells that exist in all organisms; they are capable of self-renewal and divide and

Stem Cell Research - 1289 words

1289 words - 5 pages also used to treat AIDS. To do this stem cells can be transplanted to restore the immune function and normalize life span ( AAAS 18).As we can see stem cell research is very promising, but not everyone supports it. One of the opponents of stem cell research is President Bush. He is against embryonic stem cell research and his policies were advised to limit it. He restricted the federal funding to a few stem cell research lines which are clearly

Stem Cell Research - 1065 words

1065 words - 4 pages people who die from the diseases that are preventable. Over the decade, it has been hypothesized by scientists that stem cell research may enable us to actually cure harmful diseases like breast cancer and arthritis. The great discovery in 1998 when scientists found that they had isolated the embryonic stem cell was the discovery that gave a promise to cute many diseases. However, there many ethical and religious controversies which have limited

Similar Essays

Stem Cell Research: A Report/ Term Paper

2462 words - 10 pages Stem cell research is the future of medicine. Stem cells hold the cures to many diseases, such as diabetes, paralysis and maybe even cancer. However, stem cells are a major issue in the United States at this current time. There are many people for and against the research of these valuable cells, in which scientists have only just begun to explore. One can see through studying these amazing cells that they hold much importance and to fully

Stem Cell Research: A Promising Medical Advancement

1451 words - 6 pages Today stem cell research is a very controversial issue. Within the past few years people have been subject to the debates over stem cell research in the news, in books, and in magazines. But what exactly is stem cell research and how can it benefit the human race? What are the reasons that people are so against stem cell research? It seems that many people have taken a side on this issue. But, no matter what side a person is on, one cannot deny

Stem Cell Research: A Brave New World

953 words - 4 pages Joey LasiterProfessor BeaudryEnglish 1031, November 2006Stem Cell Research: A Brave New WorldScience and ethics are at a constant battle; it is frequently difficult for science related issues to keep moral conduct in agreement with the procedures conducted in research. Human embryonic stem cell research, a more recent development, is one of the much-debated issues between science and beliefs today. Ethics and morals of life pertain to an

Finding A Cure: Stem Cell Research

1507 words - 6 pages marrow. My parents walked into my room, woke my sister, and I up, and spoke to us in a low monotone. They told us that Dad is going to be okay, but he is very sick. Unfortunately their faces struck more fear in us more than their words. He then went into extensive test, radiation therapy, and then into chemotherapy. This went on for seven months, and only a slight change happened. The doctors then decided to try stem cell transplant. They took the