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Stem Cell And Polio Research Essay

755 words - 4 pages

Stem Cells are cells that scientist have began to try and use to help people. “In the mid 1800s it was discovered that cells were basically the building blocks of life and that some cells had the ability to produce other cells.” With the discovery of stem cells came the opening to a new area of development in what could be done with health and medicine of the world. Of course throughout history, stem cells have been a very heated subject between different groups of people who believe it is right or wrong. Some people believe that this form of research is against ethical or moral values. They too see this as being wrong because they view human embryos as a form of life. These cells are neutral cells that can be turned into any other one that is needed at the time. Stem cells can make more of themselves when they aren’t being used allowing them to be ready when something happens. In the human body, stem cells help repair the tissue that has been broken, torn, or lost. They help fix bones, heal abrasions, and even repair internal organs if needed. Scientist have the ability now to manipulate these cells into doing what the body does with them. They can create skin grafts for burn victims and are even working and making new organs for people. Scientist use embryonic stem cells and non-embryonic cells in order to get the cells they need to do their experiments. Non-embryonic cells can be found throughout the human body and are not used until the body needs them. They are self-relying cells and can divide and make new ones without running out. Embryonic cells are from embryos in the blastocyst phase. “In 1998, Thompson, from the University of Wisconsin, isolated cells from the inner cell mass of early embryos and developed the first embryonic stem cell lines.”
Although Stem Cells have been a major leap in scientific and medical history, one great break through happened before it. The polio vaccine was created in 1954 after a many years of research and the outbreak of epidemics all over the world. The discovery of this cure would help change the lives of a lot of people and prevent what happened in history to more people. Without scientist working hard in these...

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