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Stem Cell Research Essay

945 words - 4 pages

Stem Cell Research
Works Cited Not Included

Stem cell research is an ongoing controversial issue. What exactly is
stem cell research? How would this type of research affect people's
lives? What are stem cells? Where do they come from and what are their
uses in the human body? What diseases and medical conditions could be
helped if not eventually cured completely? Scientists are very
optimistic regarding stem cell research. Whether or not that research
will be allowed to continue, in an unobstructed, way is still to be
decided.

How much do you know about stem cell research? Most people have heard
that it may be the new miracle cure of the century. However, many of
these same people don't know that the research has been around for
more then twenty years. Only recently, in the past few years, has
there been a major step made in the cultivation of human embryonic
stem cells(Nature Publishing Group).

So, what exactly are stem cells? These cells are what make up every
cell in the human body, from skin cells to

brain cells. They serve as a sort of body repair. Upon cell division,
they can change to any type of cell as long as they are in a living
animal or being. At that point, the stem cell can either remain a stem
cell, or change into another type of cell, such as a muscle cell,
blood cell, or brain cell(National Institue of Health). According to
Elizabeth Cohen, CNN Medical correspondent, "They are essentially
blank cells that potentially can be turned into pretty much any type
of body tissue. So, for example, you could take a stem cell and in the
lab convert it to a cardiac muscle cell and inject it into a heart
that's been damaged by a heart attack, and the stem cells could then
repair the damaged muscle" (CNN Interview).

Stem cells can eventually be used to help people with spinal chord
injuries, liver cells to repair a damaged organ, diabetes and
neurological diseases such as Parkinson's and Lou Gehrigs disease. In
addition, many types of cancer and birth defects, which scientists
believe are abnormal cells that are out of control, may be slowed or
stopped all together (Stem Cell Research Foundation). Replacing these
with healthy stem cells could have amazing results. The potential
benefits are astounding.

Stem cells come from a number of places in the...

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