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Stem Cell Research For Diabetes Essay

1074 words - 5 pages

Type one diabetes is a disease that is affecting millions of people worldwide. Studies have shown by the year 2010 the number of people suffering from diabetes exceed 350 million (Bethesda, 2013). This places a huge deficit in America’s health and is a burden to society. It is crucial to find a cure before millions more people become diagnosed with diabetes.
A therapeutic method has been tested to treat type one diabetes through stem cell therapy. Research has shown promise, but also risks along the way. May this be a medical break through or a risky trade for the cure? Studies have shown progress through experiments in mice, concluding that embryonic stem cells can be cultured into a cell that makes and secretes insulin (Serup, 2001). In many cases over the counter drugs do not provide enough stability or control of the glucose in the blood (Serup, 2001). Through the manipulation of cells such as stem cell embryotic, germinal, and adult stem cells have shown evidence for a possible cure.
Embryotic secretion takes place in the embryotic cells that have been cultured and donated. Stem cell therapy is used for the regeneration and reproduction of new cells in the pancreases. Ideally, stem cells should be able to multiply and reproduce themselves. There are other options regarding stem cell therapy, such as cloning cells, which may be beneficial as well. The reason why is because it minimizes the percentage of rejection, but its also risky on the count of a surgical transfusion that may have complications and can be very expensive (Park EL AL. 2008).
The use for stem cells in type one diabetes involves the insertions of the beta cell. The beta cells are located in the pancreas, which secretes insulin. Insulin is a protein that gets synthesizes by ribosomes and enters the rough ER then goes to the golgi apparatus; where it gets modified and tagged to go to the right location. Another tie to the class is how tumors are developed and are caused by uncontrollable mitosis.
Stem cell therapy is a method where they extract the necessary cells to produce functional beta cells (Yuval, 2008). By definition diabetes is the failure of regulating and secreting insulin. Diabetes results in high levels of glucose in the blood destroying the beta cell (Eggleson, 2012). My question is, is using stem cell therapy the best and safest way to treat and cure diabetes? Using embryotic, germinal, and adult stem cells show promise, but each have their own health risks and costly procedures.
In agreement with Jinnuo, Sidhu stem cell therapy offers many treatments for diabetes, but it remains restricted because of several limitations such as finding a donor and gathering enough stem cell material for a patient (Jinnuo, Sidhu 2011). If we had the opportunity of unlimited amounts of proper material from other sources, this would allow stem cell therapy to be more common. Also recent laboratory studies have shown that the health of lab mice increased by 4.60% after seven...

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