Stem Cell Research (Human Cloning). Essay

1151 words - 5 pages

On February 23, 1997, the idea that humans might someday be cloned, moved further away from science fiction and closer to that of a scientific possibility. On that day, Ian Wilmut and his colleagues from the Roslin Institution announced that, after a reported 277 attempts, they had successfully cloned a sheep, named Dolly, on July 5, 1996.Within days of the report, published in The Observer, Bill Clinton issued a five-year ban on any federal funding related to attempted human cloning. "Any discovery that touches upon human creation is not simply a matter of scientific inquiry," the president said, "It is matter of morality and spirituality as well." (1) But unfortunately, the federal restriction did not affect privately funded research. Meanwhile, critics of human cloning began requesting that the ban be permanent, and that it extend into private research as well.Shortly after issuing the ban, Clinton asked the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) to investigate the ethical issues surrounding the cloning of human beings. The commission found that "While using animals to understand the biological processes that produced "Dolly" holds great promise for future medical advances, there is no current scientific justification for attempting to produce a human child at this time with this technique."(2) They further noted that it is morally unacceptable for anyone, public or private, to attempt to create a child through cloning.While many critics focus their attention on the "spiritual" consequences of cloning, others stand behind the one area that still holds truth; our current state of technology is not advanced enough to experiment with human cloning. "Some fear that clones will have an accelerated aging process since the cell used in the cloning procedure will have been 'exposed to a lifetime' ". (3)Cloning mammals, for example, has a current success rate of 6 to 7 percent. Many cloned mammals develop genetic disorders, often times life threatening to both the clone and the mother. "Cloning mammals has been thus far a dismal record of failures -- dead, dying, and deformed clones, and threats to the health and life of the females bearing cloned fetuses," (Thomas H. Murray, PhD, president of the Hastings Center in Garrison, N.Y.) Since the lifespan of cloned animals is abnormally short, trying such techniques on humans would be foolish.Another key element related to the concern of human cloning is the potential psychological harm the child may be exposed to. Many critics express concern for the effect of cloning on family relationships, as well as the kind of life a cloned child will lead. Since all parents show some sign of influence over their children's lives, critics believe parents will be playing the role of god, as opposed to the role of adult. The idea that a child's intelligence, overall health, and possibly fitness can be pre-determined may distort the parents' role as a influencing factor in their personality development.Yet another...

Find Another Essay On Stem -Cell research (human cloning).

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

2167 words - 9 pages , government regulations have been imposed and the issue so hotly debated that the field of stem cell research has nearly turned into the same kind of scenario faced by doctors at abortion clinics. The lack of suitable stem cells is what holds human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research from progressing further. In order to allow hESC research to develop, more hESC lines should be approved for clinical studies because research has shown that the longer

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

1176 words - 5 pages many ethical theories that support and oppose it. I am going to try to touch on a few of these theories and how they apply to the research done on human embryonic stem cells. Human embryonic stem cell (HESC) research involves removing tissue from the aborted embryo to get cells to study. This research can potentially help treat Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Stroke, Diabetes (Type 1), Birth Defects and Spinal Cord Injuries. I can

Against Stem Cell Cloning

1858 words - 7 pages not be destroyed. Stem cell cloning of any types of cell has no definite outcome. This is why, as human beings, we should not condone stem cell cloning of any kind. Stem cell cloning and stem cell cloning research should be stopped.   Works Cited American Society for Reproductive Medicine. 2013. FAQs about Cloning and Stem Cell Research. 08 November 2013. https://www.asrm.org/ Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department

The Ethics of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research

885 words - 4 pages The Ethics of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research The Ethics of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research By Louis Guenin As a public service, the ISSCR provides this page to assist readers who wish to inquire into the moral debate concerning embryonic stem cell research. Introduction: Thinking About EthicsEthics is not a specialized body of knowledge. Ethics is a conversation about questions. In that conversation, everyone has a place

Research into Human Cells Has Vast Implications. this essay discribes the effect stem cell research has on society

1207 words - 5 pages In a dramatic scientific first, two independent research teams announced in November 1998 that they had successfully isolated and grown a special kind of cell with the potential to develop into virtually any kind of human tissue.The breakthrough was widely hailed as a pioneering event with vast potential for biological research. Many experts believe the cells, known as embryonic stem cells, could lead to new methods of drug discovery, improve

Differences in Cancer Stem Cell Properties in Human Colon Cancer Cell Lines HCT116 and HT29

2870 words - 12 pages Summary: Background and objective. Tumor heterogeneity is shown to be related to clinical outcome in cancer patients. The concept of a small subset of cancer stem cells being responsible for tumor relapse and metastasis comes out as a promising strategy for targeted cancer therapy. However, cancer stem cells are not easy to identify and isolate. The aim of this study was to determine the putative colon cancer stem cell subsets in human colon

In vitro model of human amniotic stem cell differentiation to smooth muscle cells

1971 words - 8 pages described by Ghionzoli et al2. Before analyzing the expression of characteristic SMC genes induced by TGF-B in h-AFSC’s, the ideal concentration of TGF-B for h-AFSC differentiation will be determined. Previous research has shown that 2.5ng/ml TGF-B is sufficient to differentiate h-AFSCs to SMCs, and that 1.0 ng/ml is optimal for human embryonic mesenchymal stem cell (h-EMSC) differentiation, however this value may vary for different types of

Positive and Negative Advances in Biotechnology. Positive and Negative advances dealing with cloning,stem cell,genetic experimentation, and also "designer babys" are covered in this essay

1307 words - 5 pages , biogenetic research will play a large part in solving this horrible epidemic. Many of these medical advances are results of researchers who should be applauded for the work they do. Improving and maintaining a person's life is the greatest gift someone could receive, it would not be possible without research.It is not only the medical field or improving human life that biotechnology is greatly appreciated for, but also in the use of crime

Stem Cell Research

1337 words - 5 pages research of stem cells, particularly involving embryos and embryonic stem cells, has created a widespread controversy and a major issue in political debates. This is because starting a stem cell line requires the destruction of an embryo and/or the use of therapeutic cloning. Opponents of the research argue that this practice is a slippery slope to reproductive and human cloning (Baltimore 204). Conversely, scientists believe that these

Stem Cell Research

1675 words - 7 pages research has also been limited by ethical and cost issues.Embryonic stem cells are required in two ways. The first is way of extraction is using fertilized embryos from fertility clinics. Usually there are leftover embryos when couples are tying to have a child. These in many cases are discarded so many scientist argue that using them for research is no different. The second way is therapeutic cloning. This is where a cell from the person who

Stem Cell Research

1065 words - 4 pages involving human embryos (Research America). Researchers of stem cell have examined the possible treatments that help explain what is at stake. Stem cell research offers an idea of what is possible in the biomedical world from reversing cancer to replacing damaged organs. In the future the research of stem cell can lead the medical world into better conditions because of the ability of stem cells to replace and regenerate damaged tissues and

Similar Essays

Reproductive Human Stem Cell Cloning Essay

1353 words - 6 pages The argument on whether human cloning/stem cell research should be deemed acceptable still exists. Those that are in favor of artificial reproduction claim that the benefits of human cloning far outweigh the negatives. Those opposed of accepting stem cell research lift up the argument that it is unnatural and cruel. This particular procedure is a technological process that involves “copying” a human’s nuclear DNA, this type of cloning is known

Cloning And Stem Cell Research Essay

1974 words - 8 pages well known. Kass this past year was picked by President Bush to head an advisory panel on stem cell research. Kass had recently been changing from a political thinker to a political player because of his opposition to human cloning and he believes that cloning robs us of our humanity. On June 20, 2001 Dr. Kass gave testimony on his opinions of human cloning in front of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. Kass started his testimony by saying

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

4193 words - 17 pages one can be certain that the science will live up to the hope it has generated." —George W. Bush, August 9, 2001 Selected Web Resources Yahoo’s stem cell research page http://dailynews.yahoo.com/fc/Science/Stem_Cell_Research/ Cloning Human Being NBACS June 1997 report http://earthops.org/cloning_report.html NIH’s Stem Cell Primer http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm Coverage of Bush’s stem cell decision http

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

1311 words - 5 pages are numerous medical benefits to be obtained through the use of Stem Cell Research and we could quite possibly discover things about the human body we never knew before. However, as with all medical research, there are just as many negative aspects and just as many people willing to support this view. Cloning is another reason people have to be against Stem Cell Research. In the last decade, science has advanced in certain areas and through