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Stem Cell Therapy For Diabetes Essay

1142 words - 5 pages

Diabetes, or fully named Diabetes Mellitus is when a person has high blood sugar and that is cause by the lack of insulin produced by the pancreas or it is when the cells do not respond to the insulin produced, it is also according to the type of diabetes that the cause may be different from others. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and 2. Type 2 diabetes is mostly common found in adults, to reduce the glucose level, the subject can change diet or have a lot of exercise or if that doesn’t work they will usually take a liquid medicine or pill that helps.Type 1 diabetes is mostly found in children and is mostly rare, and diet alone cannot fix this so sometimes the subject has to take doses of insulin to lower glucose levels. Diabetes still have no known cure yet and some people can get diabetes from relativity or may get it from eating or drinking too much sugary items [1].

Stem cells are cells that are special unlike any other cell, stem cells have the ability to change to any cell in the body in the early life or growth of a stem cells. Stem cells have different types, there are two types of stem cells that are being discussed. Embryonic stem cells are one of the stem cells that could grow to different organs and/or cells, as the name suggests the embryonic stem cells comes and are taken from embryos and embryonic stem cells are one of the solution to many uncured diseases in the world such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and the known diabetes disease too. There are still problems with developing embryonic stem cells, since to get embryonic stem cells they have to destroy the embryo and many people will argue about it ending human life, scientist have been discussing about this for a long time and they have been giving pros and cons about developing stem cells. The adult stem cell are stem cells that has the ability to repair damage tissue on organs making them have the ability to reverse heart attacks or any other disease. The difference between adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells are that embryonic stem cells can become any cell or organ in the body while the adult stem cell can only repair damaged tissue in organs, and so each other cannot have each others specialities [2].

Stem cells as solutions or stem cell therapy is a newly founded solution and it is still very newly discovered. The solution is to get embryonic stem cells to replace the pancreas so it
could produce enough insulin to lower the blood glucose level, and it can also help change the cells that could not absorb the insulin. Meanwhile adult stem cells can help repair the pancreases tissue if damaged and like is said in the before paragraph that the embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells have different specialities. Besides diabetes, there are other diseases that can be cured using stem cells. Some diseases can be cured by replacing some cells or organs with embryonic stem cells or in other cases, like heart diseases or heart attacks can be...

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