Stem Cells Essay

2265 words - 9 pages

After many decades of successful and unsuccessful trials to find a cure for diseases and disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and/or Parkinson’s disease, it seems like scientific research has provided us with a hope for these diseases. This essay will address the issue of controversial research in stem cells. This technology offers hope to millions who are victims of a multitude of diseases and disorders. It can be used to regrow limbs, create organs, attack genetic diseases, treat malfunctioning bladders, etc. However, this same technology is also one of the most controversial debates in science today. If you type “stem cells research” into your Google search bar, you will most likely find not only advances in this field or a basic overview of stem cells, but articles on this topic that raises doubts such as whether the benefits outweigh the risks associated with it, the legitimacy of its applications, and the costs associated with it. This has slowed down stem cells funding and reduced the confidence of public and private institutions in this type of research. This paper will argue that stem cells research should be continued.
In order to argue stem cells should be continued, this paper will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of stem cells. This essay will mostly use American and Australian sources, and thus the arguments will be mostly based on American and Australian data. This paper begins by outlining the two most basic types of stem cells: Adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. Information on induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) will not be considered as it is less developed. Then, it compares the advantages and the disadvantages of stem cells. To illustrate the advantages and disadvantages, this paper will use cardiac and neural diseases as examples. This paper will focus on explaining that the benefits associated with this research outweigh the risks associated with it. The paper will then focus on how the public opinion can affect stem cells research and the main factor that shapes different opinions on this controversial topic. Lastly, this paper will discuss regulations of stem cells. Given the number of countries that are currently experimenting with stem cells, this essay will only discuss the regulations imposed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Health Institute (NIH), both agencies of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The scope of this paper does not include ethical, religious and/or moral issues.
This paper is addressing stem cells research because this topic gives us, civilians, something called hope. We cannot count the number of doctors/researchers who struggle on a daily basis to find hope for victims of a multitude of diseases and disorders. In the United States alone, 16 million people, including hundreds of thousands of children, suffer from diabetes. There are more than 4.5 million people with Parkinson’s disease, more than 5.5 million...

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