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The Ethical Concerns Of Stem Cell Research

1098 words - 5 pages

Stem cell research has been met with major ethical concerns in the media and as a result the research has tried to address the concerns of funding and ethical dilemmas. There are 6 major concerns raised in the review, such as: Tumor Formation, Contaminating Animal Products, Genetic Compatibility, Funding Issues, Selecting and generating the Right cell type from transplantation and new approaches to generating embryonic stem cells (ES).
In the use of stem cells, there is room for error, especially in transplanting cells to renew or help cells. However whether the cells are differentiated, undifferentiated, or more differentiated, the cells need to pass the obstacle of negative selection and specific expression in the cell, and the cell won't perform or tumors form from the transplant. The research to produce grafting and other medical procedures is wanted; however there is an ethical concern with the fact that there is a margin of limits with stem cells, and the actual procedures that need to be public knowledge, and the amount of money that institutes will put into it. Another concern addressed is the use of animal products in developing the cells, such as using animal serums, nutrients, and other products. A main concern is the contamination that using these products cause, such as foreign pathogens and an educed immune response. However labs are working to try substitutes in their methods, but this like the first issue mentioned will go into an issue with funding. There is an issue with generating certain cells for certain areas of the human body, the linage of where cells come from are not fully understood. However with the cells we know of, in trails there were two notable success stories, in improvement in Parkinson's disease and spinal cord repair.
There is also the issue of tailoring stem cells to the many individuals in genetic compatibility, and potential rejection from the patients that would be using this. A solution was produced by cloning or therapeutic techniques. It was at one point thought that cells could be cloned from individuals from a study in South Korea with Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SNCT), which takes a cell from a patient and inserts into a donated egg, however it proved to be a fraudulent study. Due to this research seem to have been tainted, but is still going. A thing like the fake success story is a cause of concern, because these things are sensitive to the public, subjects with the words cloning or stem cells. Cloning in of itself is something generally feared ethically. Even if my stance of it is non-threatening I would say that it is important to be careful with these subjects on new medical procedures blur the areas of science and religious beliefs. I myself do not believe in any type of religion, but with the techniques arising to make this procedure safe and effective for the general public I would have to say that these advances in embryonic stem cell therapy is looking somewhat problematic in the...

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