Stephen Hawking Essay

2964 words - 12 pages

Dr. Stephen Hawking is one of the most recognizable and influential scientists since Einstein. He was born on January 8, 1942, 300 years after the death of Galileo. As a child, he was always interested in science. He spent many days and nights looking up at the stars or making fireworks with his father. He also spent time making complicated board games with his friends (McDaniel 26-28). At the age of eight, his family moved to St. Albans, where he was enrolled at the St. Albans School. Although Hawking was not the best student, he went on to Oxford University in 1959, where he graduated with a degree in natural science three years later (Hawking 1). That same year, he went to Cambridge University to pursue his Ph.D. in cosmology, but was diagnosed with Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS) one year later, in 1963. This prompted him to work harder at his schoolwork, as he was only given two years to live. In 1965, Hawking married Jane Wilde, an undergraduate student majoring in world languages at Cambridge University. He became extremely interested in the work of Roger Penrose, a cosmologist who had just explained how black holes begin from collapsing stars (Biography.com 17). In 1974 Hawking made the discovery of Hawking radiation, which escapes from black holes. This is one of the most recognized and revolutionary discoveries in cosmology. Dr. Stephen Hawking positively changed the world scientifically and socially, despite being crippled by a deadly disease.
Although Dr. Hawking impacts many areas of science and cosmology, his work with black holes has revolutionized modern physics. He works in all areas of black holes, including how they work, singularities, and most importantly, Hawking radiation. Black holes are very simple objects, although the concept is not easy to embrace. They form when a star that has a mass three times larger than the sun collapses in on itself (McDaniel 14). This creates a hole that has an incredibly high amount of gravity. The gravitational pull is so strong in a black hole that not even light can escape (14). This is the main reason no human can see into a black hole. They also vary greatly in size. Some black holes can be as big as a galaxy, others the size of an atom (Cropper 456). However, the size does not Possibly the most interesting area in studying black holes is its singularity, or center. Singularities are a point of infinite density or gravity. The gravity is so intense that the laws of physics do not apply (McDaniel 51). This may be the most difficult part to grasp about black holes. Hawking and many other scientists agree that an explosion of one singularity created the universe (49). This is also known as the Big Bang, possibly the most controversial event in cosmological history. The explosion had the same amount of energy as one million nuclear bombs (Simplifying ideas). Dr. Hawking is also famous for his discovery of Hawking radiation. This is a very complicated subject that went...

Find Another Essay On Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking Essay

1863 words - 7 pages unusual circumstances. World War Two was raging, and England was one of the last places a mother would want to have her child. But on January 8th, 1942, young Stephen Hawking was brought into the world in Oxfordshire, England. The date was precisely 300 years after the death of another great mind who overcame trouble, Galileo Galilei. Stephen's parents, Frank and Isobel Hawking, were middle class citizens, and didn't have the resources to fully

Stephen Hawking Essay

1329 words - 6 pages Stephen Hawking, Theoretical Physicist, Cosmologist, Author, educator and social leader leads a life of intellectual adventure that has marked his place in history. While his theories and scientific contributions are well documented, there is much to learn and emulate from the personal context of his life. These personal attributes and adventures are an integrated part of his contribution as a leader among his peers. In his brash way he has

Stephen Hawking Biography

1705 words - 7 pages He is a very influential scientist. His books have captured the minds of millions. His theories have baffled the minds of great thinkers. His discoveries break the laws of which we thought governed the universe. He is a man whose work has changed the ways we look at the universe, our galaxy, our solar-system, and our planet. His name is Stephen Hawking. He has written many books, attended two universities, and is a renowned scientist

Biography of Stephen Hawking

811 words - 4 pages Dictionary.com defines ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) as “An incurable disease of unknown cause in which progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord leads to atrophy and eventually complete paralysis of the voluntary muscles” (Dictionary.com). Stephen Hawking, a brilliant scientist, has this disease. Besides the fact that Stephen has ALS, he still lives life without worries. Stephen Hawking was born on

Stephen William Hawking

1167 words - 5 pages Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8 of 1942 exactly on the anniversary of 300 years of Galileo's death, on the city of Oxford, England. He lived on his father's house until reach eight years old. The house of Stephen's father was located in the North of London; His parents were Frank Hawking, a research biologist who worked as a parasitological for the National Institute for Medical Research in London and Isabel Hawking. When he was

STEPHEN J. HAWKING

1489 words - 6 pages Stephen Hawking Science Project. The conclusion didn't fit. Also, I'm not really sure what his middle name is.Stephen J. Hawkingby Rachel FinckStephen Hawking was born in January of 1942 in Oxford, England. Hegrew up near London and was educated at Oxford, from which he received hisBA in 1962, and Cambridge, where he received his doctorate in theoreticalphysics. Stephen Hawking is a brilliant and highly productive researcher, and,since 1979, he

The Contribution of Stephen Hawking

947 words - 4 pages Since the beginning, people have been trying to find out where the universe came from. Some people believe that God created it, and others try to explain the formation of it through science and theoretical physics. Stephen Hawking, a famous scientist who overcame his disability and tried to find answers to many questions by using physics laws and mathematical equations. Before he started his career he was diagnosed with ALS, supposedly a fatal

Black Holes and Stephen Hawking

1155 words - 5 pages causes difficulty for the convective layer to overcome the ram pressure. Stephen Hawking in 1974, he notice that black hole should emit particles that should inversely proportional to their mass. This event lead to Hawking to look into black hole explosions. He looked into the end of the acceleration of the replacement of energy will terminate black holes. Stephen Hawking looked into the classic theory, in which black holes can only absorb particles

Stephen Hawking, a Modern Day Hero

1648 words - 7 pages There are many people who could be considered a hero. A hero doesn’t have to be someone who could fly, run with great speed, and shoot lasers. A hero can be anyone who makes a difference. It can be your parents, a firefighter , your doctor, or even a friend. They don’t need to be a professional athlete or celebrity, they can be a normal person living a normal life. One modern day hero is Stephen Hawking because of his great accomplishments; he

Book Report on Stephen Hawking Biography

814 words - 4 pages difficulties that arose with ALS Stephen Hawking was not hindered from achieving scientific glory. Melissa McDaniel showed that with a purpose in life one might get through anything. The harsh truth about going into the scientific field is that most scientists who dedicate their lives to answering a single question never manage to accomplish their goals and are never recognized for their efforts. This was not the case for Stephen Hawking. He has

Stephen Hawking Movie Summary: Biography Of Stephen Hawking, His Ideas And Ideals

491 words - 2 pages Stephen Hawking was always known to be a bright child. Little did anyone know, however, that he would grow up to face a difficulty so rare, hardly anybody had heard of it, and one of the most famous scientists known today. Hawking had a normal childhood which consisted of activities children did in those days: weekends at the beach, reading books, and school. He came from an exceptional family, and reading at the dinner table was not a bad habit

Similar Essays

Stephen Hawking Essay

684 words - 3 pages I chose to write my research paper on Stephen William Hawking. He was born January 8, 1942 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. Currently, he is married to Elaine Mason. They have been married since 1995. Hawking divorced his first wife Jane, with which he had three children: Robert, Lucy, and Timothy. Stephen Hawking has been an actor and a writer. He wrote the books A Brief History in Time in 1991, Stephen Hawking’s Universe in 1997, and Hawking

Stephen Hawking Essay

1362 words - 5 pages Stephen W. Hawking Stephen W. Hawking has a mind set that is beyond today's general way thinking. His attempts to identify a grand unification theory that unites everything we know about the physical world and science far exceeds any realm of thinking that has ever graced this earth. Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. He spent most of his childhood in and around London, and was always a bit of a self-educator. He was

Stephen Hawking Essay

2112 words - 8 pages If you casually mention the name Stephen Hawking in conversation, you are likely to get a number of reactions from people.Some people know him from cameo appearances in movies or TV shows like The Big Bang Theory. Others have leafed through his popular book, A Brief History of Time. People recognize him as an outspoken representative for the disabled, and a leader of the scientific community.But how many people know him for his research

Stephen Hawking Essay

928 words - 4 pages Stephen William Hawking is one of the most famous scientists of present era, who is, undoubtedly, a role model for not only budding scientists but also for all those aspiring to become leaders in other fields. Hawking manages to remain one of the greatest researchers and scientists of quantum physics in human history, despite the fact that he is a disabled person in a wheelchair, unable to move or speak. The only way he can do so is with moving