Living in America we deal with a lot of diversity, especially those in the criminal justice degree program where situations caused by diversity can lead to a problem. Stereotyping is one of the biggest problems that we deal with, particularly in law enforcement. There have been many allegations of police officers accused of going after individuals and accusing them of a crime based on the sole fact of what their religious beliefs might be. This has been going on for a long time; however in recent years, it has gotten worse. The main job of police officers is to uphold the law, not to break it. Although stereotyping is not against the law, police officers have taken an oath to protect all human beings, regardless of their race or religion and stereotyping based on religion should not take place. Just because an individual is of a certain race dose not give us the right to stereotype them as a bad human being.
Fred Edmund Jandt (2003), the word “stereotype” was first used to show the judgments made about individuals on the origin of their racial background. Today the expression is more commonly used to pass on to events made on the basis of a groups association. Psychologists have attempted to give explanations of stereotyping as errors that our brains make in the judgment of other people that are related to those mistakes our brains make in the view of illustration illusions. When information is blurred, the brain frequently reaches the incorrect conclusion. (p.77)
Fred Edmund Jandt (2003), is the practice of racial profiling stereotyping? Profiling refers to a law enforcement carry out of scrutinizing of certain persons based on characteristics thought to classify an option of illegal activities. Example, a person traveling alone is more prone to engage in terrorist doings. Profiling also refers to, conducting traffic stops based on the vehicle occupant’s alleged race, customs, gender, or financial status. The September 11 attacks on the United States shaped an environment that gave law enforcement agencies wider freedom to take on more serious airport security checks of people who show to be of Middle Eastern descent. (p. 79)
According to Bumgarner (2007), the differences between profiling and stereotyping are as follows: profiling is defined as being based on observable behaviors, while stereotyping is defined as being based on human perception and judgment of those behaviors. There is a very fine line between those actions. When practiced legitimately by police officers, the accuracy of profiling is very high. Profiling is fact based and is intended to increase law enforcement efficiently while avoiding bias and prejudice. Although many may think of stereotypes as being negative judgment, they can also be positive. Some people hold positive stereotypes of other individuals based on their professional group membership. Racial profiling can be helpful in illegal immigration issues.
According to Morgenstern (n.d.) in a publication about...