This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stereotyping Of Arab Muslims In The New York Times For The Past Forty Years

3594 words - 14 pages

Stereotyping of Arab Muslims in the New York Times for the Past Forty Years

This study examines stereotyping of Arab Muslims in the New York Times for the past forty years. Theorists suggest that stereotyping of a minority group effects the public's opinion of that group. Other communication media theorists say that only under extreme conditions will the negative stereotypes reflect the publics' opinions of the portrayed minority group. The parallel theory between propaganda and stereotyping by the mass media is examined. Theorists including Thomson, (1977) & Myers, (1992), related to mass media effects strongly agree claiming that repetitive and non-contradictive images in the media are an effective form of propaganda. The research samples are random article reviews of the New York Times for the past forty years. Using every fifth year and 2 random numbers ranging from 1 to 12 is used to select an article search date. Islam was the search term. The Gudykunst & Kim( ? ) method of analyzing a stereotype is used to evaluate the 8 New York Times articles. The results indicate 95% of the articles were "vague," labeling entire group rather than individual. Out of the total 100%, 70% of the article used unfavorable trait characteristic labeling.

Has the New York Times negatively stereotyped Arab Muslims for the past forty years? The goal of this research project is to reveal the negative stereotypes directed towards Arab Muslims in the New York Times. The critical focus of the research is the consistency of the negative stereotypes. The underlying focus is what theoretical and historical effects result from the negative stereotypes.

WHAT IS STEREOTYPING?

The operational definition is "an idea, expression, lacking in originality or inventiveness. A simplified and standardized conception or image of a person or group held in common by members of a group." (Dictionary). Theorist's Gudykunst & Kim claims the word stereotype originated from an author named Walter Lippman. In this study, the independent variable is the New York Times and the dependent variable is the Islamic religious group.

WHO IS A MUSLIM?

"And seek assistance through patience and prayer, and most surely it is a hard thing except for the humble ones" (Holy Qur'an 2:45). To announce you are a Muslim, you have to follow the five pillars of Islam that are:

1. Pray five times a day.

2. Fast during the month of Ramadan.

3. Make a pilgrimage to Mecca.

4. Pay homage to the poor and.

5. Believe that there is only one God.

and Mohammed is the prophet of God.

Otherwise one is untruthful if one calls him or her self a Muslim.

WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDYING STEREOTYPING OF MUSLIMS IN THE New York Times FOR THE PAST FORTY YEARS?

New York Times is accepted world wide as the number 1 international news paper Atef, (1994). Consistency of negative stereotyping for 40 years is believed by media theorists to be a key factor in shaping public...

Find Another Essay On Stereotyping of Arab Muslims in the New York Times for the Past Forty Years

Hard Times Living In New York

600 words - 2 pages This small island, about half the size of Rhode Island, was discovered in 1502 by Christopher Columbus, as were many of the Caribbean islands. In those days the island was inhabited by the Carib Indians who had already chased the Arawaks (an indigenous tribe also from the Orenoco valley), away from their shores. They named the island Madinina, "The Island of Flowers." In 1635, Martinique was colonized by the French, and during the next 130 years

Channels of Distribution- New York Times

554 words - 2 pages The New York Times Channels of DistributionNews and information is vital to community awareness. Establishing and maintaining credibility in the delivery of news and information is an ongoing task. Capturing new customer use of the New York Times is the focus of the following paper. An overview of strategic multi-platform, multi-channel approach to grow both their national/global Knowledge Audience business and our Local Market business will be

Analysis of Andrew Rossi´s Documentary Film Page One: Inside the New York Times

645 words - 3 pages strong local influence. The New York Times itself has a boundless national influence. The New York Times is the longest running major newspaper in the United States. Founded in 1851, the Times has been continuously publishing daily papers for the past 162 years. The paper has won 112 Pulitzer Prizes and is without doubt the nation’s most recognizable newspaper. The central issue made reference to in the documentary is the uncertain future of the

The New Zealand Police and the Mistakes They Have Made in the Past Few Years

1776 words - 8 pages The New Zealand Police force has been in the public spotlight since 2004, where there have been many enquiries into the way they do things and acquisition raised against them. Peter Marshall came in as the Commissioner of New Zealand Police in 2011 and from there has faced a “massive clean-up of the force” (Bridgman, 2011). This essay will consist of an analysis of the New Zealand Police and the errors that they have faced over the past few

The Test" written by Njabulo Ndebele and the New York Times 2005 World Cup Sports Report

1499 words - 6 pages Text 1a) is an extract from a short story named "The Test", written by Njabulo Ndebele (1983). It is about a young boy called Thoba and its passion for playing street football with his friends, before he heads home. Text 1b) is a newspaper article (sports report) from the New York Times (2005) which treats the World Cup, a real event happening every four years.Both texts share the theme of football, however they approach this sport in a

HARD TIMES Book Review: Hard Times by Studs Terkel An Oral History Of The Great Depression New York: Pantheon Books, 1970

1643 words - 7 pages Studs Terkel, the noted journalist, radio commentator, and author has provided us with different views on different topics with the many books he's published throughout the years. Particularly in his 1970 publication of Hard Times, which is an oral history of the Great Depression of the nineteen thirties. Terkel interviewed dozens of people across the United States for this book, then bringing together a collection from these interviews with

Case Analysis : New York Times Digital

1602 words - 6 pages links in particular to the newspaper. It could not survive without the newspaper's branded content (its crucial competitive advantage), the main attraction for its readers. It gets more mileage from users and advertisers under the New York Times brand. Also, it needed to tap into the newspaper's existing base of advertisers, which required the coordination of sales processes. It does not really covet the local advertiser; it positions itself as a

Case Analysis : New York Times Digital

1551 words - 6 pages links in particular to the newspaper. It could not survive without the newspaper's branded content (its crucial competitive advantage), the main attraction for its readers. It gets more mileage from users and advertisers under the New York Times brand. Also, it needed to tap into the newspaper's existing base of advertisers, which required the coordination of sales processes. It does not really covet the local advertiser; it positions itself as a

New York Times Scholarship Part 3

277 words - 2 pages New York Times Scholarship - Part III                  My one greatest academic achievement that I've accomplished         would have to be keeping good and consistent grades throughout my         three and half years in high school.                  This single thing, even though it is over a span of years, is the most                  important to me because after all the hard work that

New York Times vs Sullivan An opinionated overview of the case and our thoughts on what category it should fall under

866 words - 3 pages Montgomery Alabama Police Commissioner, claimed these errors damaged his reputation and he won $500,000 in a libel case in Alabama. The case was appealed to the US Supreme Court, where the decision was unanimously reversed, saying the New York Times was not guilty of reckless disregard for the truth. The Court ruled that the importance of free debate in a democratic society was more important than factual errors that might upset or even damage public

new york times

530 words - 2 pages DAMPAK NEGATIF DARI EKONOMI POLITIK GLOBALISASIDampak globalisasi dalam perekonomian :Dampak globalisasi yang cukup terlihat dengan jelas adalah dalam perekonomian. Tak bisa di pungkiri bahwa kini indonesia masih sangat bergantung kepada kebaikan pihak luar dalam memberikan pinjaman baik yang berjangka panjang maupun yang berjangka pendek. Setiap pinjaman itu jangan di kira tak ada konsekuensi yang harus dibayar oleh bangsa indonesia.Globalisasi

Similar Essays

The New York Times Coverage Of The Holocaust

1607 words - 7 pages The New York Times coverage of the Holocaust One paper had more influence on all other newspapers during this time. The New York Times was the primary source wartime newspaper. Their lack of coverage influenced the coverage from other newspapers (Max Frankel).The years of the Holocaust was an experience people will never forget. Everyone is involved including those who suffered in Eastern Europe as well as those who were informed and those who

The New York Times Coverage Of The Holocaust

1594 words - 7 pages The New York Times coverage of the Holocaust A lesson in time The years of the Holocaust was an experience people will never forget. Everyone is involved; including those who suffered in Eastern Europe as well as those who were informed and those who were under informed, to the billions of lives living and learning about it today. In the time of the Holocaust (1933-1945) The New York Times under informed the American public and made them blind

New York Times And The Republican Party

1303 words - 6 pages In 1884, the New York Times was under the direction of a new publisher, George Jones, Jones was disgusted with the way the Grant administration was governed and allowed for constant scandal to plague its effectiveness. Previously the paper had a strong connection to the Republican party, under their new direction the paper choose to endorse the Democratic party. Those who were running on the Republican ticket were not qualified to fix the issues

The Daily News Vs. The New York Times

801 words - 3 pages . Listings.Furthermore, The Daily News and The New York Times are also different in many ways. The Daily News has lots of large and bold print headlines to catch a person's eye. In certain ways, the headlines are sensationalized such as this headline: "Con Care, Home for elderly hires drug criminals as nurse's aides." Moreover mostly all of their articles have a picture beside it. The Daily News not only reports about the local news, but also on