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Steroid Usage In The Olympic Games

1446 words - 6 pages

For over 100 years, Olympic athletes have used drugs in order to enhance their athletic abilities (Kremenik et. al. 19). There are a lot of tests and risks when an athlete uses drugs during the Olympics, yet some still do in order to try and win gold (Kremenik et. al. 19). The International Olympic Committee, the IOC, is the main tester to try and find out which athletes are winning legally and which are winning illegally; the IOC began there testing in 1968 (Kremenik et. al. 19). Anabolic steroids are one of the drugs that are used throughout the Olympics Games (“Drug” para. 1). The use of anabolic steroids is terrible for the human body (“Drug” para. 4). Anabolic Steroids affect the user both mentally and physically (“Drug” para. 5). Mentally, steroids effects cause mood swings, aggression, and impaired judgment (“Drug” para. 5). Also, once off the use of steroids, many users experience depression, which sometimes results in suicidal actions (“Drug” para. 5). Physically, there are multiple effects in a negative manner for boys and girls (“Drug” para. 6). In boys, it may cause early sexual development and stunted growth, while in girls it may cause deepening of voice and growth of body hair (“Drug” para. 6). In both men and women, anabolic steroids can cause an increase in cholesterol, resulting in risks for heart attack, strokes, and other serious health issues (“Drug” para. 6). Anabolic steroids are terrible for the human body and sadly have presented themselves in Olympic competition (“Drug” para. 1).
In today’s world, there are over 100 different kinds of anabolic steroids: testosterone, nandrolone, stanozolol, methandienone, and boldenone are some examples (Drug para. 1). They are used to boost your testosterone levels, resulting in muscle growth, weight gain, speed, and endurance (Fahey para. 1). Many athletes, including Olympic athletes, use this genre of drug in order to outperform their competitor (Kremenik et. al. 19). Steroids enhance the anabolic properties of the hormones rather than the androgenic effects, resulting in an increase in muscle (Fahey para. 1). Anabolic effects in the male hormones are the accelerated growth of muscle and bone, while the androgenic effects affect the sexual characteristics, hair growth and voice change (Fahey para. 1). In result, anabolic steroids are made to strengthen the anabolic effects and weaken the androgenic effects (Fahey para. 1). These anabolic steroids work on muscle cells to produce protein (Fahey para. 1). The original uses of anabolic steroids were to help sufferers of cancer and AIDS, who have weaker muscles; however, athletes realized that it speeds up the muscle building process (Peterson para. 5). When athletes lift heavy weights, there are tiny gashes in your muscle fiber. The human body will naturally repair these tiny tears and fills the tears with bigger cells than needed to make the fiber stronger (Peterson para. 7). This process is called muscular hypertrophy and will...

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