Anabolic steroid use in professional sports
The first case of performance enhancing drugs in sports came before the discovery of anabolic steroids and is believed to be that of a British road bicycle racer named Arthur Linton. At the age of twenty four, he died during a race between Bordeaux and Paris in 1886. Controversy then soon arose when he was believed to have taken a stimulant called trimethyl at the time of his death.
Anabolic steroids have become an epidemic amongst athletes since the 1950's when a Swiss company by the name of Ciba Pharmaceuticals introduced what was to become the most popular anabolic drug for athletes called methandrostenolone. “By this time, the era of the steroid athlete was well underway and world records were being shattered and re-shattered with remarkable regularity.” (Oklobdzija & Weyrauch, 1989, para 3) From then on, there have been many cases throughout professional sports where athletes are reported or caught using anabolic steroids.
Jose Canseco was a former major league baseball player who admitted to using anabolic steroids. He wrote a book called “Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big” where he claimed that eighty five percent of major league baseball players used steroids. His book became a New York Times best seller and lead to many congressional meetings in front of the House of Representatives where baseball players, including his former teammates, were asked to testify about their alleged steroid use. One player in particular who gained a lot of attention and trouble as a result of these actions was Roger Clemens.
Roger Clemens was an all-star pitcher in major league baseball who played for teams such as the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Houston Astros and Toronto Blue Jays. He had an illustrious career which included seven CY Young awards, the third all-time record for strikeouts at 4,672, and a future spot in the baseball hall of fame. But, in 2007 he was implicated by a former trainer to have used anabolic steroids during his career. This implication resulted in the mentioning of Clemens’ name eighty two times in the Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball, also known as the “Mitchell Report”. Clemens denied any use of anabolic steroids in a congressional meeting in front the House of Representatives in 2008. He was later charged one count of obstruction of Congress, three counts of making false statements and two counts of perjury in 2010. (Duncan, 2012, para. 21)
Another beloved and respected major league baseball player who admitted to using steroids is Alex Rodriguez. He is considered one of the best baseball players of all time with accolades that include fourteen all-star appearances, three American League Most Valuable Player Awards, ten Silver Slugger Awards and two Gold Glove Awards. In 2009, Rodriguez...