22 April 2014
Steroids in baseball
Each sport has had their own issues that they battled, the national football league is currently battling the effects with concussions due to football. They recently paid current and retired players a 765 million dollar settlement agreeing to compensate victims, pay for medical exams and underwrite research. (NFL, ex-players agree to $765M settlement, 1) The National Basketball League had a big scandal back in 2007 where ex- referee Tim Donaghy admitted to betting games that he refereed including the controversial 2002 Western Conference Finals with the Los Angeles Lakers beat the Sacramento Kings in a close game but rumors spread that the referees covered the spread by calling fouls on the Kings allowing the Lakers to win the game. (2002 Lakers-Kings Game 6, 1) Finally the National Hockey league went on strike during the 2004-05 season cancelling all games for that year. Many fans of those sports have refused to watch any games due to these issues.
Steroids have put a black eye on the sport for the past fifteen years starting back in 1998, when a huge homerun battle was taking place between Sammy Sosa who played for the Chicago Cubs and Mark McGuire who played for the St. Louis Cardinals. Many fans were inspired by these two athletes playing every game and boosting major league baseball tv ratings when they met up for the final time on September 8th against the Cubs where McGwire broke Roger Maris record of sixty-one homeruns. Many hearts were broken when in 2010, McGwire told Bob Costas on MLB tv that he took steroids throughout his career including in 1998 tainting that amazing battle between Sosa and McGwire.(Weinbaum, 1)Many famous athletes in MLB have allegedly taken steroids like Sammy Sosa, Barry Bonds and Rafael Palmeiro. All three of these athletes have summoned to congress after The Mitchell Report came out revealing that several athletes have taken steroids.
Although steroids were banned in baseball in 1991, Major League Baseball implanted the drug usage rules in 2001, that bans all drugs including marijuana and other illegal substance. The penalty was fifteen games for the first offence, thirty games for the second offence, sixty games for the third offence, one full year for the fourth offence, and finally a lifetime ban from the sport with the fifth offence.(Drug Policy Timeline 1) In 2003 Steve Belcher, a Baltimore orioles pitcher, collapsed during a spring training game. In his autopsy, it was revealed that he took a drug called “ Ephedra”. Major League Baseball banned the drug quickly after his death. (Timeline 1) Later that year many famous athletes including Barry Bonds, left fielder of the San Francisco Giants, Jason Giambi and Gary Sheffield both players for the New York Yankees was called to the San Francisco grand jury to testify against the company Balco. None of these athletes were charged of any crimes...