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Steroids In Sports Essay

1013 words - 5 pages

Steroids they are said to make average athletes play like Greek gods. They make average hitters the best to live and average defense man the meanest baddest dudes on the field. Athletes have been using performance enhancing drugs since the first Olympic games in 393 BC. The Roman Gladiators used stimulates to prevent fatigue and injury. They fed there horses at that time what would be classified as steroids to make them run faster for competition. The Gladiators took stimulants such as “strychnine” to stave off fatigue. In 1904-1920 steroids were first caught being used in the modern Olympic games by marathon runners. In 1928 the first rule against doping in sports was put in place by the International Association of Athletics Federation. The FDA approved the first anabolic steroid for sale in the US in 1958 it was called Dianabol. The first athlete to die from doping was a Danish cyclist, Knut Jensen died on August 26, 1960. In 1968 the first Olympic drug testing began. Out of 667 dug test administrated in the 1968 summer games 15% of the athletes tested positive. In 1967 the first banned substance list was made. Ben Johnson was the first athlete to be stripped of his Olympic gold medals after being tested for stanozolol. On June 7, 1991 Major League Baseball banned steroids. In 1992 former NFL football player Lyle Alzado died from brain cancer after using steroids and human growth hormones for over two decades. On November 10, 1999 the World Anti-Doping Agency is established. In May of 2002 a former baseball player tell Sports Illustrated that at least 50% of Major League Baseball players are using banned substances. In 2006 the first NHL player was suspended from International Competition but not from NHL play. January of 2007 the NFL announces stricter Anti-Doping policies. February 23, 2012 Ryan Braun became the first professional athlete to successfully a positive drug test. August 23, 2012 Lance Armstrong was stripped of his seven tour de France titles after declining to fight doping charges (Historical Timeline). Steroids should not be allowed in not be allowed in Major League sports because it does not show true ability of an athlete.
What are steroids and what do they do to your body? Steroids are synthetic variants of the male sex hormone testosterone. The proper term for steroids compounds is anabolic-androgenic steroids abbreviated as AAS. Steroids can be legally prescribed to treat conditions resulting from hormonal deficiencys, such as delayed puberty, also diseases that result in a loss of lean muscle mass such as cancer and AIDS. The most important difference in steroids from other drugs is that they do not trigger rapid increases in the neurotransmitter dopamine which is responsible for the rewarding high that drive the abuse of other substances. Long term steroid abuse can affect some of the same brain pathways and chemical including dopamine, serotonin, and opioid systems. Therefore they may...

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