Stigma Essay

720 words - 3 pages

Stigma and Everyday Resistance PracticesChildless Women in South India-This reading looks at married women in South India whom are examined on the fact that they are childless.The author uses interviews and fieldwork to analyse married women's experiences of stigma when they are childless and their everyday resistance practices. Also the author looks at how they challenge stigma.The stigma theory predicts, childless women deviate from the "ordinary and natural" life course and are deeply discredited, but contrary to Goffman's theory, South Indian women cannot "pass" or selectively disclose the "invisible" attribute, and they make serious attempts to destigmatise themselves.Voluntary childnessless is rare in India, most Indian women want to give birth and studies have stated that if infertility does occur than the women will be upset and think there is something more sinister wrong with them, they will feel like failures to their gender. (Jindal and Gupta 1989)-The norm for an Indian women is to marry then conceive, it's a sacred duty to become a mother, this is often followed in the name of religion.-Infertile couples may seek treatment but are looked down on if it fails.-The stigma of infertility takes its toll on both partners, but much more so on the women. As the author studied she found that In India, a woman is seen as unfulfilled unless she marries and is a bears children to be a good wife as well as mother. Infertile mothers are treated as social outcasts, there is also a belief that infertility is contagious. The Husbands family will frown on infertile women.-South Indian women are only subjected to this stigma, the males infertility is never questioned and a male will be expected to re-marry someone who has already given birth to prove fertility.-Indian women depend on their children when they are old, they seek support financially especially from sons.-If a family is wealthy then Indian women are expected to reproduce to transfer the wealth or inheritance to the children in later life.-In India women who chose to stay unmarried or live in same-sex unions are not supported by society.The author carried out research to find out how women retained valued identities and sustained families when...

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