This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stigma And Discrimination Experienced By People Living With Hiv/Aids At Health Care Facilities

1919 words - 8 pages

This study explored the prevalence of stigma and discrimination against PLHA in healthcare settings.
Poverty level was high among the study participants, with 21% reporting an income below the International Poverty line of 1.25USD per day, whereas another 44% were earning less than 2USD per day. This can both be a driver to get HIV/AIDS as well as a consequence of being HIV-positive. Poverty makes individuals vulnerable to HIV, while those who are diagnosed as HIV-positive are vulnerable to fall into poverty. (22)
Majority (67%) of the sample were aged between 21 and 40 years, which is economically the most productive age group. A report by WHO (23) has described HIV/AIDS as a challenge to both health and development.
One third of the respondents were tested without consent in this study. A study across Asia (8) reported that in China, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka more than 60% respondents had been tested without their consent. Paxton et al (24) found that only 52% of the respondents had given informed consent before testing. This is not only unethical (25) but it can also be detrimental to further treatment and prevention measures. (26) Testing without consent can lead to lack of taking up treatment, prevention and support services. (25,26) A study in India (24) found that individuals who were tested against their consent were more vulnerable to discrimination.
WHO defines key components for HIV testing services as informed consent, confidentiality, counselling (both pre and post-test) and direct referral to prevention, care and treatment services. (26) As a result of testing without consent, pre-test counselling is also missed. WHO recognises testing and pre-test counselling as the entry points to HIV care, prevention and support services.(27) Our study data suggest that post-test counselling is more common than pre-test counselling. This is not an ideal practice, as this does not prepare the individual for a positive test. A study from Uganda (25) concluded that both pretest and posttest counseling are needed to empower HIV-positive individuals to seek support within the community and thus handle stigma and discrimination in a positive manner.
Contrary to our findings, almost all participants were reported to have tested voluntarily and received both pre-test and post-test counselling in a study done in South Africa (28), a country with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Voluntary testing can be encouraged where access to treatment and anti-retroviral therapy is available. (25,27) However, stigma can be a big barrier to voluntary HIV testing.
In this study, confidentiality was respected while handing out the test results. This is in contrast to other studies that found breach of confidentiality as a common problem. (24, 28) This could be because our study sample comprised 95% males; it would be interesting to know if there is a difference based on gender regarding this practice.
On receiving a positive test result, disbelief was the predominant...

Find Another Essay On Stigma and Discrimination Experienced by People Living with HIV/AIDS at Health Care Facilities

Religion and Health in HIV/AIDS Communities

827 words - 4 pages relationships. (Remie 2001, 195) The illness its self has deep effects on mutually physical and psychological health. About 21.8 million of men, women, and children have passed away from this illness and an additional 36.1 million have become infected by HIV. Approximately twenty years ago there has shown there are several illness that have lead a person to later become infected with AIDS and from then the list has extended. Though this illness

Are HIV/AIDS Carriers Suffering from Discrimination?

1841 words - 7 pages Are people with HIV/AIDS suffering from Discrimination? HIV/AIDS is thriving now more so than ever. In fact, the World Health Organization reported that "34 million people around the world had HIV in 2010" (Eunice Shriver). Individuals with HIV can be judged by the society in many ways; they’re often rejected by others from various activities, because most people are misguided by the views of HIV. Though society has grown accustomed to the idea

Racial Discrimination and Health Care

2300 words - 9 pages Quickfacts). Compared to the Caucasian population holding 77.9% of the population, African American’s are in the minority (US Quickfacts). With the knowledge that the African American race is a minority, they are less represented. Using three outlets to support my position, I will make a case against racial discrimination in a health care environment, specially the elderly white man’s home. First, I will use laws and policies that have been passed to

Controlling the Spread HIV and AIDS of Sexually Active People

746 words - 3 pages , avoid having reptiles as pets, and many more. Not only does this disease affects you but can result in infecting another individual without proper precautions. References Medical-Surgical Nursing (Patient-Centered Collaborative Care) 7th Edition

Elder Abuse in Health Care Facilities

1722 words - 7 pages beneficial, it should be available to all residents in the facility if they want it. Elder abuse is a huge issue. Most people are aware of child abuse and what can be done about it but elder abuse goes unnoticed. Long-term care facilities should have the resources to properly deal with elder abuse. There must be systems in place to detect and prevent elder abuse. The elders have the right to receive the best care and if that means installing

HIV/AIDS Public Health Policies: A Comparison Between South Africa and Cuba

1336 words - 5 pages faced with HIV/AIDS are the stigma of testing positive and alternative medicine options in the community. Many South Africans are reluctant to seek treatment, especially men, because of gossip and how the community reacts to people that are HIV positive (Fitzgerald, Collumbien, & Hosegood, 2010). Health care workers need to be sensitive in discussing behavioral issues with the HIV positive patient and make sure their psychological needs are being

Coronary Heart Disease in Older Adults Living in Residential Care Facilities: 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities

1254 words - 6 pages /interdepartmental-programs/interdepartmental-program-in-health-economics/shesg/gimm_gilbert.pdf> 9. Moss, A. J. et al. Design and operation of the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities. Vital Health Stat. 1. 1–131 (2011). at 10. Balancing Incentive Program | at 11. Shelkey, B. M. & Mason, V. Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living ( ADL ) Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living. 185, (2012).

Impact of Interior Design on Health Care Facilities

2555 words - 11 pages experiences is to make the patients feel normal in an ambience like a medical center and also keep the patients and their family members entertained in their own way. Due to the evolving industry, people perceive a medical center with the ambience and the feel they get when they enter the hospital. The health care facilities have developed from a space that is chaotic, cold , and

Electricity in Health care facilities save millions of lives everyday

1541 words - 7 pages what could happen next. All those lives at stake because the power had failed or it was disturbed because of weather for example heavy and strong winds or because of human error cause these thought provoking ideas. The dark hallways of a place where people die everyday is a scary sight. Electricity benefits health care facilities by keeping the equipment working during any type of disturbance, therefore saving live Generators are used in

Coronary Heart Disease in Older Adults Living in Residential Care Facilities

1727 words - 7 pages National Survey of Residential Care Facilities conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. RCFs included in this study were licensed or regulated by the state and must have at least 4 beds. In addition, facilities were required to provide room and board with at least two meals per day, serve primarily adults, provide around-the-clock supervision on site, and offer assistance with personal

Legal and Ethical Issues encountered in Health and Social Care: Elderly People with Dementia in Residential Homes.

1569 words - 7 pages This assignment will identify and evaluate the legal and ethical issues within the health and social care for elderly people with dementia and living in residential homes. It will address the difference between the legal and ethical issues and the impact it has on the person suffering from the disease, their family and the role that the professionals have in decision making for the individual’s wellbeing. Dementia is a disease which causes

Similar Essays

Stigmatization And Discrimination: Living With Hiv/Aids In Canada

1852 words - 7 pages insurance company some how tells the employer of the workers HIV/AIDS status, this can ultimately at times lead to early dismal from the job. One would think that the stigmatization and discrimination of people living with HIV/AIDS would be close to none existent in the health care system. However, this is not the case. Although health care professionals are getting better at dealing with the illness, many still refuse to work on positive

Living With Hiv/Aids Essay

2142 words - 9 pages HIV and AIDS are pandemics here in the United States and spread across the world. The disease originated in the 1800's in Western Africa came from a specific kind of chimpanzee. The infected chimpanzee was once hunted and ingested by the people in the area. Since the 1981, approximately 619,000 Americans alone have passed away due to this disease (What is HIV/AIDS?). Also, in addition to the 1.1 million living with the disease already, about

The Stigma Of Hiv/Aids Essay

3345 words - 14 pages status to sexual partners”, as well their family, friends and health care providers (Rao et al, 2006, p. 266). In other words, self- stigma causes individuals with HIV/AIDS not to disclose their status of health due to the fear of being rejected by society. “Stigma also results in those who think that they may be infected to forgo testing, thus contributing to the spread of the disease” (Davidson, 2010, p.87) .This stigma is the key issue as to

Aids/Hiv Disability Discrimination Essay

1111 words - 4 pages People with disabilities, such as HIV/AIDS, should be afforded the same human rights and respect as any other person with a disability. They are discriminated against in the workplace as well as in many other areas of life. The employer's stance claims that the infected persons own health would be jeopardized by working in their chosen field - so employers will discriminate against them "for their own good."In the workplace, employers who are