This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stigmatization And Discrimination: Living With Hiv/Aids In Canada

1852 words - 7 pages

According to the Public Health Agency of Canada HIV – the Human Immunodeficiency Virus - is a virus that attacks the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness that leaves people vulnerable to opportunistic infections and cancers. (Canada 2008) Essentially over time, when your body can no longer battle the virus it progresses into a disease know as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS. The transmition of HIV occurs when a person’s contaminated body fluids enter another individual. Unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal or oral), sharing needles, using unsterilized equipment for body modification, mother to infant transmition, as well as occupational exposure in health care are all ways HIV can be spread. HIV/AIDS as an illness is relatively new. The first reported case of AIDS in the world was in 1981, and a year later in Canada. Scientists all around the world are busy searching for a cure or vaccine to treat the millions of people internationally dying of HIV/AIDS.
The stigmatization and discrimination that goes hand and hand with a positive diagnosis of HIV/AIDS is overwhelming. FreeDictonary.com defines discrimination as the “treatment or consideration based on class or category rather than individual merit; partiality or prejudice.” In essence, discrimination is about actions and stigma relates to beliefs and attitudes. Both however are built up on negative views of a person just because they are apart of a specific group. All over the world, there are well-documented cases of people living with HIV that are being denied the right to health- care, work, education, and freedom of movement, among others. (UNAIDS 2005) This stigma and discrimination exist globally, although it appears differently across countries, communities, and individuals. Furthermore it has closed off proper discussion of the virus and disease, as well as it has ultimately led many people to not be open about their status. Stigmatizing and discriminating against people with HIV/AIDS is not only detrimental to their self-esteem, it is also helping perpetuate the pandemic. The Declaration of Commitment adopted by the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in June 2001 says that “That stigma, silence, discrimination and denial, as well as a lack of confidentiality, under-mine prevention, care and treatment efforts and increase the impact of the epidemic on individuals, families, communities.” (UNAIDS 2002)
One of the driving factors contributing to the amount of stigmatization and discrimination people with HIV face is the fact that the virus was initially predominately found in already marginalized groups of people. Such as intravenous drug users, people of African decent, as well as gay men. “HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination are now widely acknowledged as key obstacles to successful care and prevention throughout the world particularly amongst more disadvantaged and marginalized groups.” (Nwanna 2005) Due...

Find Another Essay On Stigmatization and Discrimination: Living with HIV/AIDS in Canada

HIV and AIDS in Swaziland Essay

1038 words - 5 pages mutated into HIV. It is not known how the virus was introduced to humans, but the most excepted theory is that hunters became exposed to the infected blood of chimps and then introduced to the HIV virus. (www.theaidsinstitute.org) AIDS, which stands for "Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome" is a way of describing a whole group of symptoms and diseases associated with the damage HIV does to the immune system. Here in America, being HIV positive

Living Long and Healthy Lives with HIV

597 words - 3 pages of CD4, which are infection-fighting cells, in your blood. Antiretroviral drugs HIV is treated with antiretrovirals (ARVs), which work against the HIV infection by slowing down the spread of the virus in the body. A combination of ARVs is used because HIV can quickly adapt and become resistant to one single ARV. Patients tend to take three or more types of ARV medication. This is known as combination therapy or antiretroviral therapy (ART). Some

Religion and Health in HIV/AIDS Communities

827 words - 4 pages In this research we explored holiness or spirituality in the means of decreasing stress and improving mental well-being in the lives of those who have been infected with HIV or have picked up a shortage syndrome of AIDS as well as the clinical presentations and the future outlooks on research. Individuals have turned to faith for countless reasons and researchers have tried to understand what the correlation might be to be able to explain these

HIV/AIDS in Botswana

1536 words - 6 pages An estimated 25 million people in Africa were living with AIDS in 2003 (AIDS and HIV Statistics for Africa). In Botswana alone, the AIDS prevalence rate is an immense 36.5% (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). In Botswana, AIDS has been an ongoing epidemic since the first case reported in 1985 (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which weakens a person's immune system causing them to be more susceptible to

HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe

1178 words - 5 pages , affecting individuals in both developing and developed countries. Each year millions of new infections and deaths occur globally. According to UNAIDS preventative measures that have been taken in Zimbabwe are showing a decline in the occurrence of HIV (UNAIDS, 2010). However, it was estimated that in 2009, 1.1 million adults and children in Zimbabwe were living with HIV/AIDS, from a total population of 12 million (UNAIDS, 2010).PathogenesisHIV is

HIV/AIDS in Nigeria

2088 words - 9 pages -child transmission has had an interesting development over recent decades. In the past, most infected Nigerians were males, such as those who engaged in homosexual relations and intercourse with sex workers. However, in recent years the number has increased. Now the majority of adults living with HIV are female, which is estimated to be about 57% of Nigerians (Adeyi, et al, 349). This is an imperative issue because unlike males, women are the ones

HIV/AIDS IN CHINA

1378 words - 6 pages spread of HIV/AIDS. China is facing a decisive moment," he said, "The epidemic has become a moving target, and is at risk of spinning out of control." 1While most Chinese may be shocked to hear his seemingly over-exaggerated words, the situation of HIV/AIDS in China is every bit as serious. According to a report issued by the state Ministry of Health, by the first half of 2002, the number of people infected with HIV/AIDS, which increased 16.7% over

AIDS and HIV

1944 words - 8 pages commonly spread through gay or bisexual men. It does not transmit through sweat and saliva as the virus does not survive outside the body (“Frequently Asked Questions”). Being diagnosed with HIV does not mean that you will also be diagnosed with AIDS (Frequently Asked Questions). In many cases it takes several years before the HIV virus weakens the immune system to the point you would develop AIDS. As HIV weakens your immune system, it makes you

HIV and AIDS Epidemic

1213 words - 5 pages gains in economic and social development in my community as surrounding areas. The economic toll of HIV and AIDS start with eroding the resources of the person living with the disease, then decreases the resources (such as food and clothing) of the immediate and extended family, and eventually threatens to overwhelm the ability of communities to act as a “safety net”. With agencies such as Non-Government Organisation (NGO) and donors pay less

Globalization and HIV/AIDS

1897 words - 8 pages drawn in 1959 in Zaire, Africa while molecular genetics have suggested that the epidemic first began in the 1930s (Smallman & Brown, 2011). Currently, according to the Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS, 35.3 million people worldwide are living with HIV. In 2012, an estimated 2.3 million people became newly infected with the virus and 1.6 million people lost their lives to AIDS (Fact Sheet, UNAIDS). It is due to the globalized international society

HDI and HIV AIDS

977 words - 4 pages on East Europe in countries such as Russia and ex-soviet countries, where the amount of people diagnosed with AIDS increased in a terrifying 113% from 2006 to 2012, while on west Europe, the number of diagnosed people plummeted on 48%. This statistic it at a simple glimpse consistent with high levels of HDI meaning low levels of HIV even within Europe, where the countries with lower HDI (west Europe) present high HIV rates compared to those on

Similar Essays

Living With Hiv/Aids Essay

2142 words - 9 pages HIV and AIDS are pandemics here in the United States and spread across the world. The disease originated in the 1800's in Western Africa came from a specific kind of chimpanzee. The infected chimpanzee was once hunted and ingested by the people in the area. Since the 1981, approximately 619,000 Americans alone have passed away due to this disease (What is HIV/AIDS?). Also, in addition to the 1.1 million living with the disease already, about

Stigma And Discrimination Experienced By People Living With Hiv/Aids At Health Care Facilities

1919 words - 8 pages : Acceptance of people living with HIV/AIDS in an era where stigma and discrimination persist. ICMR Bull 2002; 32: 105-14. 3. Mahendra VS, Gilborn L, Bharat S, Mudoi R, Gupta I, George B, et al. Understanding and measuring AIDS-related stigma in health care settings: a developing country perspective. SAHARA J. 2007; 4(2):616–25. 4.UNAIDS World AIDS Day message: Dr Peter Piot (1 December 2002) Available at http://www.unaids.org/whatsnew/speeches

Aids/Hiv Disability Discrimination Essay

1111 words - 4 pages not educated about this disease are hesitant to employ persons who are diagnosed positive. A multitude of legal issues concerning AIDS in the workplace have already arisen. As to AIDS/HIV and employment discrimination, there is no doubt that a person with AIDS is protected from job discrimination under both state and federal law. Proving discrimination is quite another story.Many people are under the impression that AIDS/HIV is a disease contracted

Are Hiv/Aids Carriers Suffering From Discrimination?

1841 words - 7 pages Are people with HIV/AIDS suffering from Discrimination? HIV/AIDS is thriving now more so than ever. In fact, the World Health Organization reported that "34 million people around the world had HIV in 2010" (Eunice Shriver). Individuals with HIV can be judged by the society in many ways; they’re often rejected by others from various activities, because most people are misguided by the views of HIV. Though society has grown accustomed to the idea