Stokely Carmichael: An Influential African American During The Civil Rights Movement

2370 words - 9 pages

The civil rights movement was a time period that lasted from the mid 50's through the late 60's. A time period whose affects were far bigger than that particular decade. The civil rights era was a time when African Americans wanted the same rights that the United States Constitution promised white males. An era that Martin Luther King Jr. had a " dream" and people wanted to fight for peace. It was a time that the youth were bolder and more courageous than ever. A time that blacks lifted the burden of oppression for the first time and fought back. A period when African Americans began to be proud of who they were. Although African Americans were pushing forward, there was an equal force pushing back, but African Americans didn't mind the fight as long as their voices were being heard. The civil rights movement favored no particular color although the participants were majority black, people of different races knew that the fighting for one was fighting for all. Through many of the leaders and participants of the movement, blacks changed the way many people viewed the capabilities of African Americans forever. Education, injustices and unequal rights were faced head on.The 50's were a time that was thought to relatively good. People were moving out of the busy cities and back into the suburbs, but there were some problems that stopped this time period from being a complete Utopia, racism and poverty among other things. Problems that went hand in hand. The reality of ghettos in a time when colored televisions and the popular music of rock and roll dominated the nation was unrealistic, but that was the reality for most African Americans during those times. "In spite of the fact that many black people were working a life for themselves, racism continuously kept them from advancing in society"(Internet ). "African Americans encountered landlord after landlord turning them away because of their unwillingness to rent to Blacks and to newly migrated minorities"(Internet). Although these were problems that African Americans were so used to dealing with, most were fed up with the mistreatment and realized something had to be done and done quickly.In the famous case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 the courts declared that facilities be separate but equal. Meaning that if whites had a restroom then it was necessary for blacks have a restroom as well, under these conditions the two races were separate but equal in a segregated society. Assuming that separate but equal meant that the conditions of the white facilities would be the same as black facilities, but that wasn't the case. The conditions of the colored restrooms, water fountains, and diner entrances were extremely poor, but there wasn't much that African Americans could do. The law felt that it was appeasing blacks by giving us the same privileges as whites, just separately. Receiving less than what was expected seemed to be the situation with much of southern society, even education. "During those times...

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