Stonehenge Essay

1034 words - 4 pages

Stonehenge is a huge megalithic monument situated on Salisbury Plain, Mid-Wiltshire, England. The ruins of Stonehenge contain stones from three stages of building. These stages took place over a period of roughly 1600 years from 3100 BC to 1500 BC (Chippindale, 1983:271). Stonehenge has been severely damaged by things as different as tourists to weather. What it is today is quite different from what scientists suggest it may have looked like when it was finished (Fig1 and Fig2). Since Stonehenge was built long before recorded history it has brought forth great suspicion and curiosity. Who built Stonehenge and why was it built? These two questions have been argued for hundreds of years since Stonehenge was rediscovered from a three thousand year rest after its abandonment. Numerous theories have arisen over who built Stonehenge including the Druids and Merlin, and about what it was built for such as a calendar, an observatory and a ritual burial ground. My theory, however, is that Stonehenge was built by Early Britons for religious purposes.Some of the theories about why Stonehenge was built are not supported by substantial evidence. However, even theories about Stonehenge that have been proven false, still flourish (Chippindale, 1983; 263). The suggestion that Stonehenge was built as a burial ground is clearly questionable. Although there are many burials around the site of Stonehenge, this is because Stonehenge started as a burial site, but from stage two onwards its purpose was changed (Merkur, 1990:24). Similarly there is also no evidence to support the theory that it was used for sacrificial purposes (Anon, 2001;np). This is clear since the altar stone on to which this theory is based shows no traces of blood stains or marks from sacrificial knifes. The theory Stonehenge was built as a calendar or an observatory is extremely unlikely. The enormous effort needed to build this structure indicates something much more important than a calendar. The bluestones were transported by sea from the Presllie Mountains in Ireland to Salisbury plain, via the Bristol Avon (fig3). Burl (2001:21) stated that 'Transporting the bluestones from Wales to Wessex would have been a form of Seafaring Suicide' and would not be undertaken for anything less then religious purposes (Davies, 2000:21)There are three factors that point to religious purpose in the building of Stonehenge is as follows. Firstly, Stonehenge took an incredible amount of time to build. Gerald Hawkins, calculated that the undertaking of building Stonehenge would take nearly 210, 000 man-hours of labour, to move nearly 80 bluestones, weighing about four tonnes over 216 miles (Burl, 1999:114). This amount of time and effort, and manpower, could not be achieved with anything less than a strong religious belief. Secondly, the setting of the heel stone and the avenue, and other parts of Stonehenge line up with the rising of the sun during the summer solstice, pointing to sun worship. Thirdly,...

Find Another Essay On Stonehenge

Mysterious Stonehenge Essay

1015 words - 5 pages The Stonehenge at Salisbury Plains has been shrouded in mystery even before the time of Christ, but the truth of the matter is that nobody truly knows how this monument came to be. The origins of this monument range from logical theories to totally far fetched science fiction and middle age theories. This site has been around for over 4 millennia, but before the stones were even erected or on British land, it was used as a burial site. Then

Assignment on Stonehenge

950 words - 4 pages StonehengeStonehenge is a huge megalithic monument situated on Salisbury Plain, Mid-Wiltshire, England. The ruins of Stonehenge contain stones from three stages of building. These stages took place over a period of roughly 1600 years from 3100 BC to 1500 BC (Chippindale, 1983:271). Stonehenge has been severely damaged by things as different as tourists to weather. What it is today is quite different from what scientists suggest it may have

The Creation of Stonehenge

1094 words - 5 pages The Construction of Stonehenge When the first circle of Stonehenge began construction in 4000 B.C., the wheel was being discovered in Mesopotamia, cattle was just beginning to become domesticated, and stone tools were still being used (Gabriel). People were learning to form hierarchal societies, still a far cry from what has come of those early communities today. Stonehenge, which has seen many different forms in that circular patch of earth in

The Mystery of Stonehenge

1155 words - 5 pages March 24, 2009StonehengeA place that has been surrounded in mystery, debate and speculation for centuries, located in the English county of Wiltshire on the Salisbury Plains, is one of the world’s most famous prehistoric sites. Stonehenge is a ruin of an old building that is the oldest structure in Western Europe. The name "Stonehenge" means hanging stone in the Saxon language. It has around 165 stones that are placed in an ordinary style

An unusual geographic phenomena : Stonehenge

2471 words - 10 pages Stonehenge. A place that has been surrounded in mystery, debate and speculation for centuries. Located in the English county of Wiltshire on the Salisbury Plains, it is one of the world's most famous prehistoric sites. Stonehenge is a ruin of a stone building. It is the oldest pre-historic structure in Western Europe. The name "Stonehenge" is Saxon in origin and means hanging stones. It contains close to one hundred and sixty-five stones and all

Stonehenge: A Mysterious Landmarks in the World

812 words - 4 pages Stonehenge is one of the most mysterious landmarks in the world. This stone circle is covered with a veil of mystery just waiting to be pulled open, to answer all of our questions. Thread by thread Archeologist work to unravel the mystery of Stonehenge, to discovery where it came from and who built it. Some skeptics don’t believe that there’s anything more Stonehenge than just a few rocks that stand. That’s why Archeologists aren’t going to rest

Neotextual narrative and the interpretation of Stonehenge

2030 words - 8 pages 1. Postcapitalist textual theory in the milieu of Stonehenge If one examines postcapitalist textual theory, one is faced with a choice: either reject the neocultural paradigm of expression or conclude that narrativity is capable of significant form. Therefore, Bataille's critique of neotextual narrative states that material culture such as Stonehenge, ironically, has objective value, given that modernism is invalid. Baudrillard uses the term

Historical Investigation: How Did The Bluestones Get To Stonehenge?

1885 words - 8 pages Stonehenge: a megalithic monument that has survived for over five millennium; one of the world’s manmade wonders; a source of eternal speculation and mysteries for over a thousand years… and the cause of much squabbling amongst experts over the answers.Too many unknowns to make any definite conclusions, to this day, Stonehenge remains one of the great mysteries of the Earth. Located on the downlands of the Salisbury Plain in southern

Stonehenge, Kritios Bay, and the Portrait of Constantine

814 words - 3 pages While reading Chapter One, the first thing that caught my eye was Stonehenge. Though not a traditional piece of artwork such as a painting or sketch, this strategically placed grouping of stones has always had me intrigued. This sculpture dates back to 2550-1600 BCE, and also is classified of one the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. (Kleiner, 2013) The 45-50 ton rocks create a circle, with various rocks place on top of one another. The

Fractals: Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, the Parthenon

2299 words - 9 pages for what it really was; a pattern to describe the way the universe works. Nevertheless, that day followed me, and I tried to understand more about fractals through the resources I already had at my disposal-- through courses I was taking. Sophomore year, through my European History and Architecture courses, I learned about many ancient architectural feats-- Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, the Parthenon, many Gothic Cathedrals, and the Taj

Mythical Place/Object Paper

2528 words - 10 pages March 18, 2009StonehengeA place that has been surrounded in mystery, debate and speculation for centuries, located in the English county of Wiltshire on the Salisbury Plains, it is one of the world’s most famous prehistoric sites. One of the oldest buildings in Europe, Stonehenge is considered a ruin of an old structure, which name means hanging stone in the Saxon language. It has around one hundred and sixty-five stones (165) that are placed in

Similar Essays

Stonehenge Essay

984 words - 4 pages It’s 3100 B.C. and James was digging gigantic holes that were going to be about 33 meters in diameter (“Allman 36”). He was digging these holes on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, South England. James and the other workers tried to make a living by digging these huge holes day in and day out. James and the other workers were digging these holes to later on build the mysterious Stonehenge. These blocks of stone weighed up to 50 tons and the

Stonehenge Essay

1896 words - 8 pages      There are few ancient structures in the world that captivate the imagination and the critical mind of both the scholarly and ordinary individual as Stonehenge. This intriguingly mysterious Neolithic monument is located near Amesbury in Wiltshire, England and draws thousands of spectators to its arena each year. The oldest part of Stonehenge, called Stonehenge I (constructed ca. 3100 BCE), consists of little more

Stonehenge Essay

894 words - 4 pages On June 20, 2012 at sunrise in Wilshire, England as visitors, gather around Stonehenge to witness the rebirth of a new day, not far away in England a car manufacture SKODA also waits until sunrise to unveil its own replica of this megalith, called Citihenge. To celebrate the launching of their new car the Citigo, SKODA hired Tommy Gun to build a replica of Stonehenge out of used cars. In addition, Citihenge (also known as carhenge) replicates

Stonehenge Essay

779 words - 3 pages Stanenges, where stones of wonderful size have been erected after the manner of doorways, so that doorway appears to have been raised upon doorway; and no one can conceive how much great stones have been so raised aloft, or why they were built there." These are the words of Henry of Huntingdon, the first words ever recorded in history pertaining to the marvel known as Stonehenge (Chippindale 20). The features, theories, and uses of this ancient