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Stonehenge, Kritios Bay, And The Portrait Of Constantine

814 words - 3 pages

While reading Chapter One, the first thing that caught my eye was Stonehenge. Though not a traditional piece of artwork such as a painting or sketch, this strategically placed grouping of stones has always had me intrigued. This sculpture dates back to 2550-1600 BCE, and also is classified of one the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. (Kleiner, 2013) The 45-50 ton rocks create a circle, with various rocks place on top of one another. The tall vertical rock is titled a monolith and the horizontal rock is the lintel, which supports the vertical rocks and creates an opening. (Kleiner, 2013) What is interesting is this technique is still used in modern day construction and is called s post-and-lintel system. The word henge defines the arrangement of stones in a circle- hence the name Stonehenge. (Kleiner, 2013) What is most interesting is the size of the stones itself. Each one is approximately 17 feet tall and weighs nearly fifty tons. From a historical perspective these are called megaliths (i.e. great stones). The stones consist of roughly cut sandstone, as well as bluestones, which are volcanic rocks. The great mystery to this grand sculpture is how the Neolithic people constructed this trilithon, which is a three stone construction. Historians predict that the construction occurred in phases throughout the centuries before and after 2000 BCE. (Kleiner, 2013) As for the purpose of this great rock formation, archaeologists determined it served purpose as a solar calendar. I chose this particular piece solely because I find it so interesting. It portrays a great sense of mystery as to how they successfully constructed it and what purpose it served to the Neolithic individuals.

Chapter two Ancient Greece is very distinctive despite the fact the Greeks borrow various ideas from Mesopotamia and Egypt. The borrowed ideas transpired into creations of their own. During the Greek art era, Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods classified the progression of the art. I chose a specific piece from a historical perspective, which is the classical age that occurred when the Hellenistic city-states defeated the Persian invades Greece. After many complex wars, many famous Greek painters, sculptors, and architects emerged. The uppercase “C” in classical is very important because it is the differentiating factor from the classical- which refers to the Greco-Roman period....

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