If I speak of the name, Mona Lisa, you will not be unfamiliar. She is a woman in the portrait of Leonardo Da Vinci, becoming a household person. Mona is the Italian abbreviation and respectful address in Renaissance, so the literal translation of the portrait, Mona Lisa, should be "Mrs Lisa".
This painting represents the highest artistic achievement of Da Vinci, succeeded in shaping an urban middle-class lady's image in the rising period of capitalism. Her posture in the painting is elegant with subtle smile; mysterious background shows deep boundless scene, incisively and vividly playing the painter’s brushwork of that unique misty "aerial perspective". The painter sought to achieve a clever union between rich character's inner feelings and her beautiful appearance, emphatically grasping accurate and implicative dialectical relationship in particular for feeling-expressing key parts like eyes and mouth in human face in the corner of his lips etc. The realm of romantic charm covered Mona Lisa's enchanting smile with a kind of mystery dream which is called "mysterious smile" by many art historians.
Some scholars try to discuss why different people have different feeling about this smile. These theories are from the actual figures and feeling of Mona Lisa as well as the scientific side. Some say, the Mona Lisa smile only can be seen when squinting. Some argue that the smile is so unpredictable because it takes advantage of the people in the visual disturbance. In addition to smile, what’s more important is, this painting expresses the emotion and social background of Da Vinci’s period. Initially, it is the mysterious smile that sometimes makes people feel gentle and happy, and sometimes serious, sometimes with slightly grief, and sometimes even shows teasing and banter. In a painting, unlike in sculpture, the change of light can't be much different. But on Mona Lisa's face, pale shadow flickers now and then, covering her eyes and lips with a layer of veil. People’s smile mainly appears in canthus and corners of the mouth. Da Vinci was partial drawing these parts of looms with no clear boundary, so we can have the elusive "mysterious smile".
Who is Mona Lisa? The researchers argued for a long long time.
According to the record of Vasari, people can be roughly determined that the lady is Florentine bankers Francisco’s wife. She was born in 1479, and Leonardo Da Vinci painted her in 1503, right at the time when she was 24-27 years old. In order to make Mona Lisa smile, the painter exhausted his ability with his wise head, telling wonderful and happy stories to her, inviting accompanists and artists to act for her and letting the restrained, indifference young woman hold precious smile. After sitting still, Mona Lisa put one hand on the other. The painter noticed that the lady’s bare neck and well-developed hands are occupied by gold and silver jewelries, and he said to her, ‘if you don't mind, I want to...