Strategic Bombing During World War 2

4459 words - 18 pages

Strategic Bombing During World War 2"World War 2 was a war fought in two distinct phases. The first was the last war of a new generation. The second was emphatically the first of a new era" ."The British strategic bomber campaign was of doubtful cost effectiveness" . Bomber Command was by far the largest claimant on labour and factory space within the armed forces. Relative to their size they suffered more casualties than any other sector.The Anglo-American bomber force was divided in terms of strategy. Bomber Command believed it was too risky to bomb by day, while the Americans believed it was too difficult to bomb by night. Initially both forces lacked accurate navigational equipment, which deterred them from precision bombing.Germany developed a 'night fighter' force to counteract the bomber fleet. They were equipped with an on board radar, which enabled them to locate the bombers in the darkness. The German industry was sub-divided in an attempt to minimise the effectiveness of bombing raids.Both the Britain and Germany made substantial scientific developments throughout the course of the war. Prior to the development of the Lancaster, the British Air Force lacked a long-range bomber, capable of carrying substantial bomb loads. Wattson Watt foresaw the need for an early detection system; he developed the 'Radiolocation' system, which alerted Britain to invading forces. The German Air Force developed an on board radar, called the 'Metric system', which was equipped to German night fighters.Bomber Harris believed in the theory of 'carpet bombing'. Nick named 'butcher Harris'; he was known as the man who supported such campaigns as Dresden. He believed in breaking the morale of the German people.The strategic bombing campaign significantly shortened the length of the war. It disabled the production industry and weakened the German morale.Between Jan. 12-23 of 1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet at Casablanca, to plan the 'future global military strategy for the Western Allies'. The work of the conference was primarily military; deciding on the invasion of Silicy, apportioning forces to the Pacific theatre and outlining major lines of attack in the Far East. Most important of all was Roosevelt's claims for the "unconditional surrender" from Germany, Italy, and Japan.Hamburg was largely responsible for the production of German U-boats. Subsequently it was the target of numerous air raids. In an attempt to protect the fragile industry, three huge anti-aircraft artilleries were built.Few foresaw the radical development the fighter would undergo after World War I. Such was the extent many of the doctrines established in the previous war were outdated by World War II. During the early phases of the war the Anglo-American bomber force readily accepted Douhets theory . Both the R.A.F and the U.S.A.A.F were to adhere to this doctrinal policy until they suffered severe losses in 1943-1944. The U.S.A.A.F believed...

Find Another Essay On Strategic Bombing During World War 2

Anti-Semitism in Canada and Europe during World War 2

1451 words - 6 pages the soul out of the prisoners who worked there.The strong feelings of hatred and anti-Semitism in Canada and Europe during the 1930s' and 1940 have caused many hardships for the Jews of that time. Anti-Semitism is an ugliness that still exists in Canada and all corners of the earth. The amount of anti-Semitism in the world has certainly diminished since its peak during World War Two; but it will by no means be completely eradicated. The Jews have

World War 2 Essay

1404 words - 6 pages effectiveness as a singular method with which to win World War II, was a hotly debated topic. The debate over the effectiveness of bombing existed almost entirely in the European theater as its place as an element of larger strategy in the South Pacific was well secured early in the war. In the European theater, the was an intense debate over the long-term strategic value of such bombings with the British and some more narrow-minded Americans believing

World War 2

1129 words - 5 pages didn't want to go to fight the war.From the ancient spear to today's GPS-guided bomb, many wars saw the appearance of new weapons based on amazing technologies, but none saw such a dramatic and diverse flow of exciting new scientific developments and new weapons as world war 2. During six years of war, the most scientifically advanced nations recruited the best minds and enormous resources to an unprecedented arms race.In world war 2, military

ABC World War 2

2243 words - 9 pages ABC WORLD WAR 2 BOOKTable of contentsAdolf Hitler Bombing of Japan Concentration camps D-day ETO Franklin D. Roosevelt Germany Holocaust Italy Japan K-rations Landing craft NazismMussolini Oak RidgePearl Harbor Quicksilver Rosie the RiveterSwastika Tokyo (the bombing of Tokyo) Uncle Sam Victory garden World War II X-corps Yanks Zyklon BAdolf HitlerHitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889.Germany in May 1913, Hitler

World War 2

1727 words - 7 pages them a thousand times more powerful than the bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the wake of the Cold War, these massive arsenals are being drastically reduced. But other nations still possess nuclear weapons, and some non-nuclear states as well as terrorist group will be tempted to acquire them.The atomic bomb cannot be uninvented. But the atomic bombing that ended World War II provide grim evidence of the devastating potential of these weapons and perhaps the most compelling reason why they have not been used since.

World War 2 - 2082 words

2082 words - 9 pages response received by the US general was: "Nuts!". On December 26 1944, the day after Christmas, General Patton's third Army broke through the German lines allowing supplies to flow in and the wounded to evacuate. Eisenhower, during the battle of Bastogne and the battle of Bulge in general, personally made the tactical arrangement that turned defeat into victory. Eisenhower had both strategic foresight and the stamina to fight a war of attrition. He

world war 2 propaganda

760 words - 3 pages World War II propagandaThroughout World War II propaganda was used to gain new recruits and encourage the population to keep production of weapons, ammunition and supplies to assist the war effort running at top capacity. Propaganda could be considered the second war front during World War II, it was the government's constant battle to keep their troops funded and well supplied.I have chosen a 1942 propaganda poster called 'This is the Enemy

World war 2

638 words - 3 pages The Second World War began with Hitler's attack on Poland in 1939 and ended with the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945. During these six years many battles were fought in both the European and Pacific theatre that led to the success of the Allies and to the collapse of the Axis Powers.In the European theatre, America and its allies (Britain, France and Soviet Union) adopted a "Defeat Hitler first" strategy. In the eastern front, the Russians won

Australia during World War 2: Wartime government controls and the changing role of women

1535 words - 6 pages they were maintaining high hopes for Australians at home. The federal government wanted to keep the Australian spirit high and this was not possible if the newspapers and radios revealed to true extent of the war and the number of deaths of Australians soldiers. Events such as the bombing of Darwin in 1942 and the treatment of prisoners of war were not widely known about during the war.Censorship was introduced during the 2nd world war to

Life is Beautiful the movie, relating to politics and society in Italy during World War 2

2458 words - 10 pages 8,000 Italian Jews were imprisoned and murdered. The criticisms on Benigni are open after the movie. He depicted himself as an inhuman person who couldn't feel the territory which the people went through during the World War II. But on the other side of the picture, we also see people's remarks saying that a person without a brave heart cannot think, write and act in a manner he did. He, through the period of World War II is trying to tell that

Warfare during World War II

745 words - 3 pages lack of Allied aircraft. German aircraft rapidly achieved air superiority over France in early 1940, allowing the German air force to begin a campaign of strategic bombing against British cities. With France out of the war, German bomber planes based near the English Channel were able to launch raids on London and other cities during the Blitz, with varying degrees of success. After World War I, the concept of massed aerial bombing-the "Bomber

Similar Essays

Technology During World War 2 Essay

2356 words - 9 pages massive firepower directly to its heart, striking its industry, vital resources, key military targets, and population centers, in order to significantly erode its strength in the battlefield and defeat it” (Overy). Bomber aircrafts played a major role in the defeat of the Axis Powers during World War 2. Not only did bomber aircrafts have a major role in victory, but they were also more developed by the Allies than the Axis. The Allies bomber

Poland During World War 2 Essay

988 words - 4 pages of its commander-in-chief, General Tadeusz Komorowski. During the Second World War it was heavily involved in the resistance to German occupation. On 21st September 1939, Reinhard Heydrich told several Schutz Staffeinel (SS) commanders in Poland that all Jews were to be confined to special areas in cities and towns. These ghettos were to be surrounded by barbed wire, brick walls and armed guards. The first ghetto was set up in Piotrkow on 28th

Australian Prisoners Of War During World War 2

762 words - 3 pages by the Japanese, in the eyes of the Japanese, did not have the right to live. To the Japanese the Australian POWs were human garbage and deserved to die, this is the reason why the POWs captured by them were treated so atrociously.Over 31,000 Australians became prisoners of war during World War 2. Of the 8600 held captive by the Germans, 8358 were released alive or had escaped by the end of the war in 1945. Of the 22,000 Australian troops

Was Bombing Hiroshima And Nagasaki Necessary To End World War 2?

1892 words - 8 pages article, Was Hiroshima Necessary? Why the Atomic Bombings Could Have Been Avoided, 1997, by Mark Weber. Weber has a Bachelors degree in History and is a specialist in the Second World War. His purpose was to demonstrate that Japan was hopeless during that time period and that Japan would have then later surrendered because they had no other choice. This shows significant value, for when it shows statistics but also for when he explains how