In management domain, strategic management encompasses identification coupled with definition of strategies. Usually, managers employ these strategies to strive for high performance levels as well as admirable competitive advantage for business establishments. In addition to that, it includes decisions as well as acts managers set about, and which determine the outcome of the organizations’ performance.In this respect, strategic management draws higher profitability if well planned and executed. Incisively, a science is whatever skill that manifests detailed use of facts for a particular purpose. Subsequently, an art is clearly characterized as skill critical for any human tasks. Not only is strategic management a behavioral science, but also is an art, since its application in relative situations involves these two perspectives (Bingham and Eisenhardt 1437-1467).
Ordinarily, (Bingham and Eisenhardt 1437-1467) argues that the main function of strategic management is to integrate diverse functional components of an organization wholly, as well as to make sure these functional aspects are in agreement. Basically, this involves application of scientific principles established in management, and execution of activities to meet desired goals.
Strategic management as a science
Generally, a science is a taxonomic collection of knowledge about a particular field of study, with universal features which define remarkable development. It simply sets up cause with accompanying effects link among two or more factors, and emphasizes the rationale of the relationship. These principles spring up from scientific methods such as observation along with verification by means of testing. Specifically, a number of features describe a science. One is cause with corresponding effect relationship. Indeed, principles of science institute reason and aftermath relationship amidst a number of variables. With reference to strategic management, same principles exist. For instance, in cause and effect relationship where there is little stability in authority besides responsibility, ineffectiveness emerges. Second is examination of validity as well as predictability of the subject under consideration. In essence, legality of scientific standards is proved at any convenience. It is important to note that, each test will gives similar result regardless of when it is done. Furthermore, scientific management principles are examined for validity by use of standards like unity of command through comparison of two persons (Gao 125-136).
Thirdly according to Gao (125-136), generally accepted principles involve scientific standards, which in one way or another signify basic truth of a specific area of enquiry. Chiefly, these principles are relevant in everyday operations. In brief, strategic management encompasses some cardinal principles for instance the principle of unity, which are used worldwide. Finally, experimentation together with...