Strengths And Weakness Of The Qualitative Research Method

3266 words - 13 pages

This essay intends to compare and contrast the strengths and weaknesses of the quantitative and qualitative approaches to research which addresses young people and bullying using two journal articles. The first article (quantitative) aims to “establish the relationship between recurrent peer victimisation and the onset of reported symptoms of anxiety or depression in the early teen years” (Bond et al. 2001, p. 480) while the second article (qualitative) aims to “investigate the nature of teenage girls’ indirect aggression” (Owens et al. 2000, p. 70).The two articles will be critically compared in terms of research design, methods used, approach to data analysis, reported results and the plausibility and appropriateness of the conclusions and recommendations posed. The aim of this essay is thus to evaluate and assess the methods of social science research currently undertaken in published research.
The research design provides a “framework for the collection and analysis of data” (Bryman 2008, p. 31) and thus will dictate how the research evidence is generated. The cohort research design employed within the quantitative analysis of young people and bullying falls within the wider umbrella of longitudinal designs. Within social scientific research the longitudinal approach consists usually of a self completion questionnaire or structured interview within a concurrently cross-sectional design (Bryman 2008, p. 49). These studies are generally concerned with illustrating social change and improving the understanding of causal influence overtime. However, in establishing causality there is considerable ambiguity about the direction of causal influence the cohort design through its potential ability to identify an independent variable at a specified time places the researcher in a better position to infer that the purported effects at this specified time period have in fact occurred after the independent variable, a key strength of this design (Bryman 2008, p. 51). Weaknesses inherent to the cohort study of extraneous variables, sample attrition and withdrawal however allow participants who may differ in important respects to leave the study and hence this will affect representativeness of the group (Bryman 2008, p. 51). This was the case in Bond et al.’s study as of their sample of 3623 students 2860 (79%) participated in at least once wave of data collection and only 2559 (71%) provided for their analysis (2001, p. 482). For those with missing data at the third wave of data collection (222, 8%) it was found that there were small but significant differences in some socio-demographic factors compared to the students without missing data (Bond et al. 2001, p.482). This included a higher proportion of boys and of students with non-intact families as well as families of non-English speaking backgrounds (Bond et al. 2001, p. 482).
Comparatively, the second article adopts a qualitative cross-sectional research design allowing the researchers to...

Find Another Essay On Strengths and Weakness of The Qualitative Research Method

Describe the main features of qualitative research and compare the advantages and disadvantages with experimental research

1575 words - 6 pages IntroductionThis essay describes the main aspects of relativist qualitative research in social psychology. Generalised comparisons will be considered between the methodology of relativist qualitative and experimental research, reflecting their different epistemology's (what can be known about human behaviour), via issues of validity, reliability and generalisability.In accordance with a logical positivist epistemology, experimental researchers

The Strength and Weakness of The Press

1804 words - 8 pages Newspaper, being one of the earliest mass media communication platforms, might be decreasing in popularity among the public. But even so, it keeps surviving by refining and improving itself in order to keep up with all the other medias. The current newspaper that we hold and read today has come a long way in developing itself. There is time when newspapers don’t make news like the way they do today, and there is also time when newspapers that

Qualitative and Quantitative Research

1648 words - 7 pages different ends of a linear spectrum. Qualitative research looks to deal with the in depth, word based side of research whereas on the other end of the spectrum quantitative research works predominantly with number based research and statistics. Birley and Moreland (1998) support this by saying that “the two methodologies reflect various paradigms and that the theoretical model that each method uses to conduct the research come from different areas

Analyze qualitative research method - Gender Equality - Research Paper

1178 words - 5 pages research shall provide findings and a conclusion that are hinged on quantitative data and qualitative information. A mixed research is being adopted based on a need to use both an exploratory and the confirmatory approach to ride on the benefits and strengths of both methods in one endeavor. The research approach to be adopted in drawing out a conclusion from the proposed research shall largely be by deductive research with slight aspects of induction

Research Qualitative and Quantitative

1231 words - 5 pages the statistics which assist to create the models and figures. The objective is to seek measurements and to analyze the target groups to answer the questions which led to the research.The Research ProcessThe first step in the research process, is finding the concepts of the subject, which is qualitative sensitizing. The concept can be defined as, "an abstraction based on characteristics of perceived reality", (Le Roy, 2006). The concept of the

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Qualitative Research And Briefly Quantitative Research

1169 words - 5 pages ). Disadvantages of qualitative research are they are costly and time consuming.The approach used in this research was a grounded theory which isQualitative research (QR) is the method of inquiry that seeks to understand social phenomena within the context of the participants' perspectives and experiences. The research methods of QR are more flexible, responsive, and open to contextual interpretation than in quantitative research, which uses

TURNING KRAFT’S STRENGTHS INTO OPPORTUNITY, REDUCING WEAKNESS AND MINIMIZING THREATS

2037 words - 9 pages innovation. These additionally support Kraft’s’ primary activities. Krafts’ research and development has approximately 650 food scientists, chemists, and engineers, with teams dedicated to particular brands and products. Kraft maintains three key technology centers each include pilot plants and state-of-the-art instruments. Kraft considers their portfolio of patents, patent applications, patent licenses under patents owned by third parties

The fields of qualitative and quantitative research have both advantages and limitations within each paradigm

612 words - 3 pages quantitative method of research states the world is made up of observable, measurable facts, whereas qualitative methods is supported by the interpretive paradigm, which suggests that reality is constructed by subjective perception and prediction cannot be made. The differences between qualitative and quantitative research differ depending on the research ones conducting and the methods ones employs. Qualitative research is heavily dependent on the

The Weakness of Othello

1024 words - 5 pages In Othello, by William Shakespeare, the characters Iago, Cassio, and Othello share a good bond between each other. They have been good friends for some time. Othello, being sdeen as the hero and Iago as the villain. Iago is a two face person. He manipulates Othello into thinking that Desdemona is having an affair with Cassio. Throughout Shakespeare's entire play, Othello, goes through emotions of love, jealousy and betrayal which changes him

The Weakness of Ophelia

2125 words - 9 pages Ophelia's madness was brought on by a multitude of medical and social factors. Cultural restrictions always determined a woman’s behavior. Her lack of a mother, even that of a mother figure left Ophelia without any source of a female advisor. On top of the lack of a major female figure, her father was overbearing and selfish. However, his sudden death at the hands of Hamlet truly left her alone. Madness is usually brought on by depression

Outline the particular strengths and weaknesses of research questionnaires, panel studies, lab experiments, and field experiments

655 words - 3 pages researchers pose and panel studies which are surveys in which responses from the same people are obtained to learn how their beliefs, attitudes, and/or behaviors change. There are particular strengths and weaknesses of each type of experiment done.Panel studies for instance allow, "researchers to be more confident about attributing patterns of cause in effect in survey data," (Dominick 415) and they are more reliable. Another strength of the panel

Similar Essays

Use Of The Observational Method In Qualitative Research

2641 words - 11 pages identified and adopted depending to the needs of the research in order to acquire the desire result. As mentioned earlier, interviews, documents, observations and focus groups are the most commonly used method in data collection for qualitative research. Observation is one of the basic methods used in data collection and it has long been a major tools being used extensively in study by researchers. This essay will be focus on the role of

Strengths And Weakness Essay

935 words - 4 pages observation. By comparing previous and current data would show data analysis on the strengths and weakness. We take take the weakness into account of a barrier and create an action plan to make a strength in a positive aspect. For example, currently the majority of my family lives in Vietnam. With modern day technology we can stay close to one another by using video talk software to keep in touch. This has been a very useful technology being that is it

Personal Strengths And Weakness Essay

703 words - 3 pages environment will be a great help. As I mentioned before through all of my experiences all over the world I have grown. I have built strengths and exposed weakness, I believe University of Phoenix will be no different in contributing either of these attributes.

The Meaning Of Quantitative And Qualitative Research

1227 words - 5 pages experiences, which makes it useful when studying unique cases and outliers (Guts, 2014). In quantitative research, the outliers get left out, but when doing qualitative research, you are looking into each and every person individually. The outliers are the main source of information in research. One qualitative research method is known as Phenomenological, which studies the meaning of a human experience without a reference to a theory or assumption