Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Ontological Argument

983 words - 4 pages

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by

looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on

experience and the observation of the world not logic so the outcome

is probable or possible not definite. The argument is in three forms;

motion, causation and being. These are also the first three ways in

the five ways presented by Aquinas through which he believed the

existence of God could be shown. Aquinas regarded Aristotle as the

principal philosopher so many of these concepts originate in the

thinking of Aristotle.

One example of the cosmological argument is the argument of causation.

Everything has a cause. Everything itself has a cause. But, you cannot

have an infinite number of causes. Therefore there must have been an

uncaused causer, which causes everything to happen without itself

being caused by anything else. Such an uncaused cause is what people

understand by 'God'.

This idea was revisited by William Lane Craig who developed the Kalam

cosmological argument. He reinforced the contention that the universe

must have had a creator by firstly proving that the universe if

finite. He proves this by explaining that the present would not exist

in an actual infinite universe, because successive additions cannot be

...

Find Another Essay On strengths and weaknesses of the ontological argument

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

894 words - 4 pages Strengths and Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation The years 1781 to 1789, the years known as the "Critical period" were the reign of the Articles of Confederation... were those years a highlight in American history, or a time that is best to be forgotten? The argument can go either way it really depends on how you look at it. The question is; were the Articles an effective system of government? Well, while something might not be...

"The Ontological Argument": Explain the traditional forms of the ontological argument put forward by Anselm and Descartes

1584 words - 6 pages a) Explain the traditional forms of the ontological argument put forward by Anselm and Descartes. (33 marks)The ontological argument is a deductive a priori argument that attempts to prove God's existence from logical reasoning. The first and best known ontological argument was proposed by St Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury) in his writings...

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Augustine’s and Ireneau's Theodicy

2386 words - 10 pages The Strengths and Weaknesses of Augustine’s and Ireneau's Theodicy ‘Evil did not come from God, since God’s creation was faultless and perfect’ (St Augustine) St Augustine was a man wrote a theodicy about the problem of evil and suffering based on the Creation and Fall of Genesis in the bible, he believed that evil was caused by something that was outside the omnipotence of God. God himself is all powerful but after...

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Sociocultural Perspective

983 words - 4 pages Psychology is one of the newest sciences. Because it is the science of the mind and behavior, it is also less concrete than some of the other sciences. Over the years, social scientists have developed theories or perspectives based off of their observations, research, and the perspectives of other scientists. Although there is some overlap, each of the major perspectives of psychology is unique. As a result, they each have strengths and...

The strengths and weaknesses of the traditional budgeting

1467 words - 6 pages As Gowthorpe (2003: P457) argued, that "A budget is a plan, expressed in financial and/or more general quantitative terms, which extends forward for a period into the future." Budgeting actually refers to the process that, after the strategic plan of the business has been made, companies made a short term plan (usually one year) to meet the strategic purpose. Traditional budgeting has offered a lot of contributions in so many years' practice....

The Strengths and weaknesses of Antigone In "Antigone" by Sophocles.

560 words - 2 pages Usually, in novels, the main character's strength overshadows his weaknesses. In the Greek tragedy "Antigone", however, the main character of the same name has as many strong points as weak ones. In the next paragraphs, I will point out Antigone's strengths, weaknesses...

Anselms Ontological Argument And The Philosophers

1838 words - 7 pages Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Philosophers      Saint Anselm of Aosta, Bec, and Canterbury, perhaps during a moment of enlightenment or starvation-induced hallucination, succeeded in formulating an argument for God's existence which has been debated for almost a thousand years. It shows no sign of going away soon. It is an argument based solely on reason, distinguishing it from other arguments for the existence...

The Ontological Argument

1593 words - 6 pages The Ontological Argument The Ontological argument is a group of different philosophers arguments for the existence of God. "Ontological" literally means talking about being and so in this case, that being is the existence or being of God. The main component of the Ontological argument can be found in the Anselm’s "Proslogion" which is a short work that tries to demonstrate both the existence and the nature of God. His main aim in writing the...

The Ontological Argument

3667 words - 15 pages Outline and discuss the various forms of the Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument. Ontology is the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being. "˜Onto' means "˜being', the ontological argument is an a priori argument. And ontological

The Ontological Argument

1442 words - 6 pages The Ontological Argument   The Ontological Argument, put forth by Saint Anselm in his Proslogium, attempts to prove the existence of God simply by the fact that we have a particular concept of God - that God is "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." Saint Anselm presents a convincing argument that many people view as the work of a genius. It is also quite often considered a failure because, in William L. Rowe's words,...

Strengths and Weaknesses of Biological Positivism

2488 words - 10 pages Biological Positivism has both its strengths and weaknesses, it changed the way of criminological ideas and opened up new theories that were based on scientific facts rather than philosophical ideas like in Classicism. It also highlighted the importance of looking into peoples genetic make-up as research such as Brunners' research into the extra 'Y' chromosome which led to the idea that genetic defects in a family can cause abnormal behaviours...

Similar Essays

The Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Cosmological Argument For The Existence Of God

940 words - 4 pages The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on experience and the observation of the world not logic so the outcome is probable or possible not definite. The argument is in three forms; motion, causation and being. These are also the first three ways in the...

Examining The Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Argument For The Existence Of God Based On Religious Experience

634 words - 3 pages A religious experience is an event which brings about an encounter between God and the experient. It is a communication between God and the individual which brings about an overwhelming awareness of God. As a result, the experient may undergo a conversion, may believe they have received a revelation or feel called to fulfil a divine commission or spiritual responsibility. But a question that would arise is whether there are strong grounds that...

Analyse The Key Strengths Of The Argument For The Existence Of God Based On Religious Experience. Evaluate The View The Weaknesses Of This Argument Lead To Its Rejection.

1627 words - 7 pages "What is religious experience?" A religious experience can be described as a non-empirical occurrence and can be perceived as supernatural; or a "mental event" undergone by an individual, it can be spontaneous or may be brought as result by intensive praying. The receiver usually seems to have been "drawn into a deeper" knowledge and awareness of God; however the experience itself is not a substitute for the Divine. The experiences are usually...

Strengths And Weaknesses Of Emotion Essay

1262 words - 5 pages Emotion is defined as the reaction to a stimulus, which is only inferred and not observed. Emotions play a powerful role in shaping thoughts, influencing behavior, and steering motivation to do things. As much as it helps with understanding the people around you and building relationships, it plays a big part in influencing daily decisions and behavior. While emotions are a universal language and may be a crucial key to getting to know yourself...